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Role of youth in sanitation : synthesis document

An expert panel highlighted the role of youth as a key stakeholder in ensuring sanitation services for all in India.

India's National Youth Policy encourages their full participation and engagement at all levels of governance. They are driven, agile and can influence behaviour change at the grassroots level. This briefing note is a synthesis of an expert panel discussion on the role of youth in sanitation, which took place in New Delhi, India, on 26 April 2019. The India Sanitation Coalition, IRC, and TARU Leading Edge organised the dialogue as part of the Insights series. The panellists included Aayush Baid from The Global Education & Leadership Foundation, Afsal Muttikkal from Genrobotics, Amit Arora from Doordarshan, Gurukirrat Sachdeva from Youth Ki Awaaz, and Ruchika Shiva from IRC. The dialogue highlighted the positive role and impact of the youth in the Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM), India's national sanitation programme. It stressed that the youth should be aware of the existing challenges and inequities in society, so that they are able to hold leaders accountable.

World Food Day: Celebrating the link between nutrition and water, sanitation and hygiene


By Gerda Verburg, UN Assistant Secretary General and Coordinator, SUN Movement and Catarina Albuquerque, first UN Rapporteur on the Human Rights to Water and Sanitation and SWA Chief Executive Officer


The connection between kitchen and toilet might be an unsavory one, but it is actually a life or death matter. This is why, this World Food Day we are putting a special focus on the connect between nutrition and water, sanitation and hygiene. Because as access to safe drinking water and adequate sanitation is essential for humans to absorb nutrients. Access to water, sanitation and hygiene remains inadequate in almost every SUN country, it continues to pose a barrier to ending malnutrition by 2030.

After all, guaranteeing access to safe drinking water and adequate sanitation is essential for humans to absorb nutrients. This is particularly critical in a child’s first 1,000 days – from conception, until the age of two – when they are most vulnerable to adverse effects of undernutrition, potentially leading to irreversible damages in their health and learning skills. Globally, around half of the burden of child undernutrition is due to inadequate sanitation and hygiene. A break in the nutrition-hygiene link can already damage a child’s development when still in the womb. If the mother does not absorb nutrients properly during pregnancy it can lead to premature birth, which increases the probability of future stunting. Poor access to safe drinking water can also mean that mothers dedicate less time to exclusively breastfeed for the first 6 months of life and continue breastfeeding thereafter up to age 2, a proven way to increase early-childhood nutrition. The United Nations estimates that worldwide, women and girls spend 200 million hours – daily – collecting water.

It is no coincidence that the people suffering from food and nutrition insecurity are often the same who lack access to water, sanitation and hygiene – they are the “ones left behind”. To reach them and ensure their sustainable enjoyment to these human rights is not just a matter of building toilets or producing the most nutritious food. It is about the invisible things that meaningfully address inequalities and discrimination around the world. We are talking about political leadership, good governance, planning and budgeting, transparency, accountability, participation, and collaboration between all the actors involved in the value chain.

This was why the Scaling Up Nutrition Movement (SUN) and Sanitation and Water for All (SWA) partnership were born. Our missions: under the governments’ leadership, and with the support of other partners (civil society, private sector, UN agencies, academia), drive collaboration for a world free from malnutrition in all its forms, and where all have access to water, sanitation and hygiene always, and everywhere. The two multi-stakeholder partnerships recognized early the interdependence of their work. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) have stimulated much debate on how to deliver better integration across sectors to maximise impact, drive cost-effectiveness and improve sustainability. New partnerships and innovations for development are urgently needed to deliver on this ambitious agenda. Despite the rhetoric of the need for greater integration and understanding, what this looks like in practice is challenging and have been bringing SUN and SWA partners together to integrate the two areas. The priority is to ensure that, in their partners countries. Water, sanitation and hygiene programmes recognize their potential effect on nutrition, and that nutrition initiatives do include Water, sanitation and hygiene components. Many countries, such as Cambodia, Ethiopia, Madagascar, Nepal and others are already making progress on implementing multi-sectoral approaches to connect nutrition and water, sanitation and hygiene.

As we celebrate World Food Day in 2019, we look forward to the opportunities ahead to increase political will around water, sanitation and hygiene-Nutrition integration and get governments and their partners to table and follow through on actionable commitments. The Nutrition for Growth Summit, to be hosted by the government of Japan in Tokyo in 2020, will provide a great platform for SUN countries and others to make ambitious commitments in tackling malnutrition in a multisectoral and integrative way. The SWA Mutual Accountability Mechanism already saw 50 governments and their partners table 159 commitments, which will be reported on through 2020. In April 2020 SWA will organize a Finance Ministers’ Meeting to make the business case for investment in multisectoral approach for achieving Sustainable Development Goal 6. In a few weeks, the SUN Global Gathering will work as a springboard to strengthen collaborative action.

The success of our “partnership of partnerships” – and achieving the SDGs – will depend on how well we commit to this agenda of collaborating.


The post World Food Day: Celebrating the link between nutrition and water, sanitation and hygiene appeared first on SWA.

Providing water for all, to a growing population in developing countries; EMAS and SMART Centres are joining forces

 The only way to provide water for all, to a growing population in developing countries, is to capacitate the same people to solve that problem. EMAS and SMART Centres have been training and guiding small-scale entrepreneurs in developing countries for many years. Trained entrepreneurs now supply affordable water technologies to communities and households in over 20 countries serving more than 2 million people.

EMAS and SMARTechnologies are complimentary and the organisations share the same philosophy towards sustainable development. Our mutual goal is to establish supply chains of Market-based, Affordable and Replicable technologies that are also fit for households (Self-supply). By joining forces SMART Centres and EMAS will increase the number of small water enterprises, make them more robust and offer a larger variety of technologies and services to their customers.

We believe that investing in capacity building creates the conditions for sustainable rural water supply.

 Interested ? Then contact us at:

info@smartcentregroup.com or info@emas-international.de

More info:

www.smartcentregroup.com or www.emas-international.de
www.youtube.com/jacanahelp or www.youtube.com/user/EMASbolivia

Emergency WASH biweekly update – October 15, 2019

Dear Colleagues:

This biweekly update includes an upcoming webinar and recent reports on water trucking and other topics. Also included is a brief bibliography on mobile technologies in humanitarian WASH settings. Please let us know if you have other studies and resources to add to the bibliography.


November 13, 2019 Period Posse Presents | Changing the Norm: Mainstreaming Female Friendly Toilets | Speakers: David Clatworthy, IRC: Developing a female-friendly toilet toolkit for emergencies; Lea Jimera Acallar, Danish Red Cross: Innovative toilet designs in Bangladesh; Annie Msosa, WaterAid: Female-friendly public and community toilets: A Guide wateraid


Briefing note on water trucking in refugee settings. UNHCR, 2018. This UNHCR technical guideline has been prepared for anyone involved in planning and implementing water trucking in refugee contexts including UNHCR staff, WASH organizations, water trucking contractors, governments and individuals.

Household Water Insecurity Experiences (HWISE) Scale. HWISE, 2019. The HWISE Scale has many uses: identify populations vulnerable to water insecurity; understand causes and consequences of water insecurity; track trends in household water insecurity over time; monitor and evaluate the impact of water policies and programs.

USAID OFDA DRC Ebola Fact Sheets – September 2019.

Humanitarian Investing – Mobilizing Capital to Overcome Fragility. World Economic Forum, 2019. This paper offers an articulation of the humanitarian investing landscape and its main actors and guiding principles, building upon ongoing work that promotes new models and multistakeholder dialog to complement, not replace, existing humanitarian response mechanisms.

Global humanitarian assistance report 2019. Development Initiatives, 2019. In 2018, an estimated 206.4 million people living in 81 countries were deemed in need of humanitarian assistance. A large portion of these people continued to be concentrated in a small number of countries: six countries accounted for 80.6 million people in need.


Deep Groundwater as an Alternative Source of Water in the Ogaden Jesoma Sandstone Aquifers of Somali Region, Ethiopia. Water, August 2019. The study provided insights into deep groundwater identification and development as well as adaptive deep borehole drilling as a source for climate-resilient water supplies.


Climate Change Is Hurting Africa’s Water Sector, but Investing in Water Can Pay Off. WRI, October 2019. Improving water management in African countries can boost their climate resilience.

The United States supports the world’s first fish farm in a refugee camp. World Food Program, October 2019.

Japanese startups develop innovative ways to supply water in disasters. Kyodo News, October 2019.

Biplab and His Bhungroo Pipe—An Earthquake Results in Innovation. Securing Water for Food, September 2019.

UNHCR Refugee Briefs – October 2019. UNHCR.


Mapping and analysis of the disaster risk of water supply schemes by using mobile application. 41st WEDC International Conference in Kenya, 2018. After the earthquake of Nepal in 2015, a study was conducted the risk mapping and carried out analysis of the selected water supply scheme (WSS) at all links in the water supply chain from source to consumers and also determined the functionality status of WSS in the post-earth quake scenario by developing a standardized user guidebook and methodologies. A mobile based tool KOBO was used to collect the data and information and findings were linked with Google Earth.

The digital lives of refugees: How displaced populations use mobile phones and what gets in the way. GSMA, July 2019. Humanitarian services are increasingly digitising and mobile phone penetration and use among refugees is growing. The transition to mobile-based services can offer significant protection dividends and other wide-ranging benefits for refugees who are digitally literate, have the means to be digitally included (such as appropriate ID) and can access and engage with mobile services effectively.

Disruptive technologies and their use in disaster risk reduction and management. ITU, 2019. Technological advancement and innovation have created new opportunities for enhancing disaster resiliency and risk reduction. Developments in disruptive technologies – such as artificial intelligence (AI), the Internet of Things (IoT), and Big Data – and innovations in such areas as robotics and drone technology are transforming many fields, including disaster risk reduction and management.

Global Report on Water and Disasters. High-level Experts and Leaders Panel on Water and Disasters (HELP), July 2019. Water-related disasters in 2018 resulted in death toll of 6,500, over 57 million people affected, and economic loss of 140 billion US Dollars worldwide

Continuous safe water monitoring using 3G telemetry in IDP camp water supply systems: Iraq trial. 41st WEDC International Conference Kenya, 2018. The Chloroclam, a small high-resolution chlorine analyser that transmits continuous real-time data through a 2G/3G mobile network, was trialled over a 7-month period in an IDP camp in Northern Iraq to determine its functionality and ease of use in a crisis context. The results validated the data produced by the Chloroclam, with datasets highlighting significant seasonal and diurnal variances in chlorine concentrations.



Clean Hands for All: addressing handwashing disparities

In cities, though the coverage of basic handwashing facilities is higher compared to rural areas, there are significant gaps between the richest and poorest.

In fact, in many countries, basic services in the most deprived urban communities are actually worse than in rural areas.

Inequalities in handwashing facilities can put individuals at higher risk, impacting their health, education, and well-being.

Globally, 272 million school days are missed every year because of diarrhoea caused by poor hygiene practices and lack of facilities. Handwashing with soap is vital to combat the spread of diseases. WSUP works to improve handwashing facilities in schools and promote handwashing with soap as this has the greatest impact on children’s health.

Here’s how WSUP is addressing the issue:

In Madagascar, thanks to the support of funders like Dubai Cares, USAID and The Coca-Cola Foundation, as well as the utility JIRAMA, improved handwashing facilities are enabling children like Mitia lead healthier lives.

Previously, Mitia and the other students in her school would have to draw water from a well and would have to wait for their teachers to help them because the buckets were too heavy. Due to the time spent on collecting water, some of the children would not wash their hands and would go straight into class.

Now thanks to the new sanitation block and the weekly hygiene lessons, the students understand the importance of maintaining good hygiene habits. Mitia, who dreams about becoming a doctor, is always on the lookout for students who don’t wash their hands and reminds them to do so.

“Thank you WSUP for giving this beautiful toilet block which also has a shower and handwashing facilities. It has changed our lives and improved hygiene habits. At home, my parents have also understood the importance of washing our hands with soap.”

In Naivasha, Kenya, students at the Kongoni Primary school were missing out on school due to illnesses caused by poor sanitation facilities in the school.

Simon, the deputy headmaster of the school remarks, “The school used to have a few latrines that were shared between the boys and the girls in the school.  Sanitation was a problem. On average we had 12 – 15 students going to hospital for stomach related illness due to poor facilities.”

With the support of The One Foundation, a new toilet block with handwashing facilities were built for the students.

“The number of cases of sanitation related illness has reduced. We encourage the students to wash their hands after using the toilet. The water after washing hands is recycled used to flush the toilets and water the trees and flowers,” says Simon.

Student Charity is very pleased with the new facilities, “After the building of the new toilet blocks, the girls have more confidence and they enjoy their privacy. We are more comfortable. We now use the new blocks and wash our hands.”

Ensuring access to hygiene facilities is important but is only a first step. Behaviour change is essential for making handwashing a habit.

What better way to do this than involving children in soap-making while teaching them to wash their hands thoroughly at critical times. In Maputo, Mozambique, with the support of Wasser für Wasser, WSUP is partnering with local soap manufacturer MBEU to promote hygiene education in schools. Through soap-making workshops, children are learning about the importance of good hygiene habits in a fun and interactive way. MBEU will also be supplying soaps to the schools we work with in Maputo, as part of our ongoing hygiene promotion activities.

WSUP also works on behaviour change at the institutional level. For example, In Ghana, we’re working with the Ministry of Education on adoption of standards toilet designs across schools in Accra and Kumasi, taking into account children’s needs, thus benefiting their health and school attendance.

By working with education systems, we can create change that is lasting whilst ensuring that no one is left behind.

Top image: Promoting hygiene awareness in Twalumba primary school as part of the Global Handwashing Day celebrations in Lusaka, Zambia.

Global Handwashing Day: Making a case to leave no one behind


Global Handwashing Day: Making a case to leave no one behind
Interview with Om Prasad Gautam, Senior WASH Manager for Hygiene, WaterAid

The Sustainable Development Goal 6.2 uses handwashing with soap as an indicator for national and global monitoring. This clearly highlights the importance of hygiene and its close links with sanitation. On Global Handwashing Day, we spoke to the Hygiene Specialist at WaterAid, Om Prasad Gautam to discuss the importance of hygiene promotion and handwashing change to leave no one behind. Here’s an excerpt from the conversation:

SWA: Could you please help us understand why handwashing is mentioned in Sustainable Development Goals?

Om Prasad Gautam: As you know achieving sustained hygiene behaviour change over time can help in achieving multiple development agenda. Hygiene behaviour change is seen as a cost-effective public health intervention. Achieving sustained behaviour change helps in reducing diarrhoeal disease significantly. Handwashing with soap alone helps reduce diarrhoea by 50 percent, pneumonia up to 50 percent. It can help reduce early childhood infection. Handwashing with soap can also reduce school absenteeism. Achieving other behaviour change can ensure dignity, and maximize productivity among different people. So, it’s such a vibrant and fundamental [issue] for any development agenda. At the same time behaviour change is always seen as a complex and difficult undertaking. That’s why in the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) era, the water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) sector [was] primarily focused on taps and toilets- building taps and toilets. Particularly in the health sector they are much more focusing on treating clients rather than focusing on behaviour change. There was huge learning in both the sectors. I think this learning pushed the whole sector to demand and ask for a robust behaviour change as part of the development agenda. So, therefore, behaviour change has been included as part of the SDG6- target 6.2, particularly handwashing with soap added as a indicator in SDGs. That helped us for – one, re-positioning the behaviour  change programming thoroughly, at the same time, also collecting global evidence from different countries to make a policy decision around behaviour change.

SWA: It is increasingly becoming evident that handwashing is not a time-time project but would require the system to be working towards effective behaviours. So, how do we take the systems approach to hygiene behaviour change?

Om Prasad Gautam: Behaviour change has always been seen as an add-on activity. It was always seen as an activity about changing people’s awareness. This has always been seen as a role for WASH sector. Behaviour change is also seen as a kind of activity delivering messages. This should not be the case. If behaviour change is fundamental for achieving multiple Sustainable Development Goals, it has to be seen as a thorough programme itself. So, the positioning in behaviour change programming itself should have a thorough programmatic approach. It should also link with the institutional mechanism, the sector policy, the financing mechanism, for which sector coordination mechanism has to be in place, in order to better design, implement and evaluate the programming. There should be an institutional framework to guide how we better design behaviour change intervention. There should be a sector financing in place– how we invest in behaviour change in order to maximize the current investment in water supply, sanitation, health, nutrition and education programming because behaviour change is fundamental for achieving those multiple development agendas as well. So, when it comes to designing, implementing and evaluating, we should definitely look at systems approach for behaviour change. That links with, of course, changing the individual behaviour, at the same time, changing the behaviour of the policy makers, donors and program collaborators.

SWA: This year’s Global Handwashing Day theme– Clean Hands for All follows the year-long push to leave no one behind in the SDG agenda. Leave No One Behind is also one of the guiding principles of SWA framework, how could our global multi-stakeholder partnership help mobilize this issue?

Om Prasad Gautam: This theme is quite important and vital for this year because we want to minimize the inequalities particularly, linking with behaviour change with handwashing with soap. In the sector, there are disparities when it comes to having access to services. We have seen the recent data from JMP [WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme]- there is a disparity between different countries having basic handwashing facility with soap and water. Disparities exist between urban and rural; disparity exists between rich and poor and also exist within the countries and within the districts based on geography as well as the city and the population within the development frame. So, advocating this agenda through a Global Handwashing Day has helped minimizing those gaps. There are so many platforms through which we can engage the policy makers, the ministers, the civil society organisations in order to advocate the importance of handwashing with soap. Similarly, Similarly, to advocate prioritizing and politicizing the hand hygiene as part of the development agenda because this is such a fundamental agenda for achieving multiple Sustainable Development Goals. Through the SWA platform we can also advocate for proper financing, we can also advocate for sector coordination mechanism, we can also advocate for the right partnership in order to drive the large-scale behaviour change programming.

Additional resources:

  1. Advocacy toolkit for hygiene advocacy, can be accessed here.
  2. Read how SWA’s Research and Learning partner, WaterAid is advocating for hygiene promotion.

The post Global Handwashing Day: Making a case to leave no one behind appeared first on SWA.

Ugandan drillers receive training at the Water Resources Institute

Being back in Uganda again after an absence of five years gives me immense joy. This country of warmth, friendliness and humour, where one can literally have an engaging conversation with anyone, whether askari (guard), taxi driver, fruit and vegetable seller, driller or civil servant. Thus, my few days here have been filled with shared … Continue reading Ugandan drillers receive training at the Water Resources Institute

Training 2


Training 1

October – SWA Gender month


The realization of the human rights to safe drinking water and sanitation is essential for achieving gender equality, sustainable development and poverty alleviation. It also empowers women and addresses the root causes of poverty and gender inequality. However, these rights can only be realized when, not only men, but equally women and girls actively and meaningfully participate in legislative and policy developments and their implementation.

As we address this month’s theme, listen to SWA CEO, Catarina de Albuquerque, video message:


(Version française)

This month, we will focus on gender and access to water, sanitation and hygiene, which is central to what our partnership does as this is critically to ensuring that we eliminate inequalities.

Throughout October, we will shine a light on how women and girls’ lives are particularly at risk of violations of their human rights to water and sanitation, and are vastly improved by better access to water and sanitation. Women and girls can make a positive impact to the sector if they are able to participate in a meaningful manner in decisions on their access to water, sanitation and hygiene.

But how?

In the majority of countries and cultures, women manage water usage in the home, they invest time in collecting water, they manage family cooking, cleaning and hygiene practices. Where water is not available within the home, women and girls will lose considerable time collecting it, losing opportunities to work or attend school.

Menstrual needs make extra demands on women and girls, both physically, requiring access to sanitation and to menstrual products at school and in the workplace, as well as emotionally and socially due to the stigma associated with menstruation.

When women and girls don’t have proper access to toilets in the home, they are more vulnerable to abuse and attacks, particularly when they have to wait until dark to relieve themselves at public toilets nearby or in the open.

Investing in water, sanitation and hygiene therefore empowers women and girls and allowing them to live a full and dignified life in society!

As I said before, no WASH planning, budgeting, or any WASH intervention can be successful without the active and meaningful participation of women and girls, as planning without the involvement of women and girls will not ensure the best solutions to the most entrenched social problems.

At the Sanitation and Water for All partnership, considerations of gender and non-discrimination are cross-cutting principles that permeate everything we do: from the way governments develop national sanitation plans, to the subjects that we prioritise at our high-level meetings, to the people that we invite to speak on panel discussions.  The voices of women and girls are critical to everything that we do.

SWA partners believe that no initiative in water, sanitation and hygiene can be successful without the involvement of women and girls.

This involvement:

  1. reduces the burden of unpaid work on women and girls,
  2. facilitates participation in decision-making, education, employment and social activities and .
  3. contributes to reducing sexual and gender-based violence.

Investing in water, sanitation and hygiene is SIMPLY realizing the human rights of every woman and girl!

This month we’ll publish stories from SWA partners on how they are tackling these issues around the world.

So, stay tuned to our channels, follow us of Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn and YouTube to hear about the joint work our partners are doing to improve a fairer access to water, sanitation and hygiene, no matter your sex or gender.


The post October – SWA Gender month appeared first on SWA.

Sector Round Up

A lot of very different and very interesting material was published in September. We have new insight on corruption in Latin America and especially on how women perceive and are affected by corruption. Also available, new straightforward reference material to work out and think about management models for rural water supply and to think about the human rights dimension of infrastructure developments.

Please don’t hesitate to share your views  in the comments or get in touch to share information and material for the next round-up. Thanks!

The links here go to original material on external websites.
WIN is not responsible for the accuracy of external content.


Global Corruption Barometer – Latin America and the Carribean 2019

A few months back we linked to the Global Corruption Barometer (GCB) for Africa 2019. The new GCB for Latin America paints an equally troubling picture, showing that 19% of people who accessed services from utilities in the previous year paid a bribe. Here too, young people are more likely to pay bribes than those over 55. Fortunately here also, the majority of people believe they, as citizens, can make a difference int he fight against corruption despite fears of retaliation.

What is new and particularly interesting in this edition is the focus on how women perceive and are affected by corruption in the region. The data specifically covers sextortion, “one of the most significant forms of gendered corruption”. Shockingly, findings suggest “one in five people experiences sexual extortion – or sextortion – when accessing a government service, like health care or education, or knows someone who has”. Poorer women are more vulnerable. In terms of action, women are less likely to think people can report corruption without fear of retaliation and they are less likely to think appropriate action will be taken once corruption is reported. This is sobering new insight.

Read the full report here:


See the special feature on the results related to women and corruption here:



2019 RWSN directory of rural water supply services, tariffs, management models and lifecycle costs

In terms of transparency, the first edition of the 2019 RWSN directory of rural water supply services, tariffs, management models and lifecycle costs is an important milestone document. It’s meant as a quick reference guide and inspiration for “financial data sharing and dialogue on tariffs, cost recovery and inclusive financing”. Yes we do have to be more open about options and costs. Maybe in the future we can then also be more open about the costs and the impact of corruption on rural water service delivery.

Download and check out the directory here:


To submit information for the next edition, contact the RWSN Secretariat or complete a form online at: www.surveymonkey.com/r/rwsn-directory


Impact of Megaprojects on the Human Rights to Water and Sanitation

A new report by the UN Special Rapporteur on the human rights to water and sanitation, Mr Léo Heller, focuses on the impact of megaprojects on the human rights to water and sanitation. It provides a set of questions for stakeholders to assess and implement their human rights obligations throughout the lifetime of a megaproject.

Corruption risks in the development of major infrastructure or megaprojects are particularly high, partly because of the complexity of the projects, the amounts of investment involved, and the scale of their impact. The report fails to address the scale and scope of these risks and their impact on human rights to water and sanitation obligations, although they are strongly linked.

The report does mention corruption risks specifically once, while discussing the imbalance of power between players involved and populations affected, admittedly a very important risk factor:

“Another important observation is the imbalance of power between those adversely affected by megaprojects and the proponents thereof, who frame them as solutions for development. The affected population is often reluctant to accept such projects as the most suitable solution for development, since for them the negative impacts exceed the benefits provided. At times, this polarized view of megaprojects further aggravates social conflicts and may increase incidents of corruption by certain actors in the pursuit of economic interests. It is essential to regulate such projects with an emphasis on human rights, to address power imbalances and to mitigate and prevent their adverse effects on human rights.

We believe efforts to combat corruption and realize human rights are always mutually reinforcing: both are necessary. The list of questions provided in the report is therefore still a simple and hence quite user-friendly way to take first steps in examining projects with a human rights lens.

Download and read report here:



Cases to watch

Here is information on more debarments by major development banks of organizations involved in water-related developments in Indonesia, Pakistan, and Colombia.


The post Sector Round Up appeared first on WIN - Water Integrity Network.

Civil Society: Change makers and allies with Government in reaching SDG6

By: editor
Civil Society: Change makers and allies with Government in reaching SDG6 editor 26 September 2019 - 17:09

Zimbabwe's drought: depletion and economic downturn leads to disaster

By: editor
Zimbabwe's drought: depletion and economic downturn leads to disaster editor 9 October 2019 - 09:36

Zimbabwe's drought: depletion and economic downturn leads to disaster

By: editor
Zimbabwe's drought: depletion and economic downturn leads to disaster editor 9 October 2019 - 09:36

A framework for targeting water, sanitation and hygiene interventions in pastoralist populations in the Afar region of Ethiopia

An approach is developed to assess WASH risks in marginal populations that are poorly understood and served through conventional approaches.

Globally, many populations face structural and environmental barriers to access safe water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services. Among these populations are many of the 200 million pastoralists whose livelihood patterns and extreme environmental settings challenge conventional WASH programming approaches. In this paper, we studied the Afar pastoralists in Ethiopia to identify WASH interventions that can mostly alleviate public health risks, within the population's structural and environmental living constraints. Surveys were carried out with 148 individuals and observational assessments made in 12 households as part of a Pastoralist Community WASH Risk Assessment. The results show that low levels of access to infrastructure are further compounded by risky behaviours related to water containment, storage and transportation. Additional behavioural risk factors were identified related to sanitation, hygiene and animal husbandry. The Pastoralist Community WASH Risk Assessment visually interprets the seriousness of the risks against the difficulty of addressing the problem. The assessment recommends interventions on household behaviours, environmental cleanliness, water storage, treatment and hand hygiene via small-scale educational interventions. The framework provides an approach for assessing risks in other marginal populations that are poorly understood and served through conventional approaches. [author abstract]

A framework for improving pastoralist WASH interventions

By: nega

IRC collaborated with partners to develop a new approach to assess WASH risks in marginal populations in Ethiopia.

The Pastoralist Community WASH Risk Assessment can be used to design better WASH interventions. The results of a pilot application in Afar, Ethiopia show that low levels of access to infrastructure are further compounded by risky behaviours related to water containment, storage and transportation. Additional behavioural risk factors were identified related to sanitation, hygiene and animal husbandry. The Pastoralist Community WASH Risk Assessment visually interprets the seriousness of the risks against the difficulty of addressing the problem. The assessment recommends interventions on household behaviours, environmental cleanliness, water storage, treatment and hand hygiene via small-scale educational interventions. The framework provides an approach for assessing risks in other marginal populations that are poorly understood and served through conventional approaches.

Read the full paper listed below under Resources. 

SMART Centres at Wilde Ganzen / Partin day

Wilde Ganzen and Partin recently organised a day for their members. Walter Mgina and Henk Gijsselhart represented the SMART Centre Foundation and Reinier represented the SMART Centre Group. It was a fruitful day with new contacts and valuable insights.
Wilde Ganzen currently supports two projects with the SMART Centres in Zambia and Malawi, for which it tops up funds raised through Rotary clubs.

The SMART Centre booth at the Wilde Ganzen / Partin day

My and others’ WASH economics sessions at #UNCwaterandhealth 2019

By: IanRoss


I’ve just arrived at the UNC Water and Health conference 2019 this week (verbal abstracts book here). I have three verbal presentations, a poster, and am involved in a side-event. Short summaries are below. Further below, I highlight others’ economics-related presentations/sessions that I’m looking forward to seeing.

All my stuff is on Thursday… but please talk to me about SanQoL at any other time!  If you have time for just one of my bits and pieces, please come to the verbal on cost-effectiveness, Thurs 1600 in Azalea. It’s the piece of work I’d most like critique on, as it’s the headline output of my PhD.

My verbal presentations:

Title: “Cost-effectiveness Analysis of a Sanitation Intervention with a Quality of Life Measure as the Outcome” (Thurs 1600 in Azalea, 1st up)

One-sentence abstract: An overview of ‘sanitation-related quality of life’ (SanQoL), and an empirical study in Mozambique of how SanQoL can be used to weight ‘quality-adjusted service years’ (QASYs), for better economic evaluation of sanitation programmes.

Title: “Human Waste of Time—Valuing Open Defecation Time Savings” (Thurs 1600 in Azalea, 2nd up)

One-sentence abstract: An exploration of how we should value ‘time saved’ when people switch from OD to household toilets, using data from the 2013 SQUAT survey in India, because how we do this makes a big difference to results of cost-benefit analysis.

Title: “Three-Quarters of People in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, Get Their Drinking Water from Private Providers” (Thurs 1430 in Redbud, 2nd up)

One-sentence abstract: Demonstrating a “water flow diagram” for visualisation of flows of water and money in a city-wide water market, through a mixed-methods study of private water providers in Port-au-Prince.

My poster

Title: “How does sanitation contribute to a good life? Qualitative research in urban Mozambique informing quantitative measure development” (Thurs 1700)

One-sentence abstract: Results of the qualitative study (yes, economists do proper qual…) that informed the development of the SanQoL measure, using focus groups and in-depth interviews in low-income areas of Mozambique.

Side-event I’m involved in

Title: “An Agenda Setting Workshop for “Limited” (Shared) Sanitation: User Experiences, Measurement, and Improvement Approaches” (Thurs 1030 in Redbud)

One-sentence abstract: starting with a “quick fire” format (presenters have 1 slide / 5 mins each), the meat of the session will be focused on the creation of a research agenda for the role of shared sanitation in bringing safely managed sanitation to all.

Others’ WASH economics verbals and side-events

The best thing about the UNC conference is that, when I look at the agenda, I want to go to almost everything. If you take a broad definition of WASH economics (as I do here) then a lot of the sessions/papers at UNC will touch on it. So here’s just a few of the other WASH economics verbals/sessions I’m looking forward to. There’s some interesting-looking posters too.


  • “An Evidence-driven Approach to Establishing Prices for Pit Emptying Services by Vacuum Truck Operators” Bernard Elegbe, ABMS/PSI – looks like a cool application of “mystery shopper” techniques to FSM services. Mon 1430, Dogwood
  • “Using Public Subsidy to Unlock Household Finance: Evidence from the Field” Lesley Pories, Water.org – using RCT data to explore how households used sanitation microfinance loans. Mon 1430, Dogwood
  • “Findings from the Implementation of the First Cross-culturally Validated Household Water Insecurity Experiences (HWISE) Scale in Zambia and Democratic Republic of Congo” Sera Young, Northwestern University – I’ve read a lot about HWISE so looking forward to seeing its empirical use. It’s exciting to see a user-reported measure for water that does a lot of what I’m trying to do with SanQoL. Tues 1430, Redbud
  • “Time, Economic and Health Benefits of the Transition to Rural Piped Water Systems in Southern Zambia” James Winter, Stanford University – interesting approaches to measuring the benefits of water supply interventions using matched controls. Weds 1600, Dogwood
  • “Supply and Demand: Assessing Costs and Willingness-to-pay for Urban Sanitation in Bangladesh, Ghana, and Kenya” Rachel Peletz, Aquaya Institute – have been looking forward to seeing these results for a while, which represent one of the several important initiatives underway on urban sanitation costing. Thurs 1430, Redbud (and helpfully just before my Haiti verbal)


  • “Revisiting Subsidies for Water Supply and Sanitation Services” – the recent World Bank flagship report on subsidies, incl.  debates around allocation of subsidies between service types and between ‘new’ access vs. consumption. Tues 1030, Bellflower
  • “Understanding Demand for WaSH Services: How Much are Consumers Willing to Pay?” – should be a good debate on WTP methods with example of vouchers, auctions, hedonic pricing, contingent valuation, and discrete choice experiments. Weds 0830, Dogwood
  • “The Maputo Sanitation (MapSan) Trial: Measuring Health, Environmental, and Social Impacts of an Urban Sanitation Intervention in Mozambique” – long-awaited results of the MapSan trial, the largest controlled health impact trial of an urban sanitation intervention to date (OK it’s not strictly speaking econ, but it’s the study my PhD is linked to, and incredibly interesting…). Weds 1030, Redbud