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☑ ☆ ✇ UN-Water Affiliated News

IAHR Young Professionals Congress

By: Anna Nylander

The IAHR Young Professionals Congress gives young professionals, researchers and students the opportunity to present their work and access mentoring from leading global experts. IAHR is the International Association for … Read more

The post IAHR Young Professionals Congress appeared first on UN-Water.

☑ ☆ ✇ Splash Blog

Get to Know Our Staff: Nasser Ferej

By: Splash
Splash staffer Nasser Ferej stands smiling on a rooftop in a black shirt and jeans, with a beautiful blue sky and picturesque clouds in the background.

Meet Nasser! We are lucky to have Nasser on staff at Splash’s Ethiopia office, where he serves as the program strategy and reporting manager.

We connected with Nasser to ask him some questions about his work, background, and joys. Read below for his answers!

Q: What excites you the most about Splash?

The staff at Splash is uniquely composed in terms of qualifications, skills, experience, and professional ethics. People at Splash love their jobs and are committed toward serving the kids in need. I have worked in a couple of organizations, including international NGOs, but this team is very exciting to work with. Employees are champions of their work — they work under minimal supervision, work hard to meet deadlines, and thrive despite work-related risks and logistical constraints. In many organizations, conflicts are common, and you see that work-related challenges become personal. It is exciting and equally motivating to see a conflict, which barely occurs at Splash, solved in a civilized and professional manner through discussion, respect, and mutual understanding.

Q: What keeps you inspired during challenging times?

The most inspiring thing during challenging times for me, without doubt, is faith in God and a strong belief that everything is out of our control. There are some verses from the Qur’an that have powerful messages to uplift my mood. “Verily, with hardship, there is relief.” “If you indeed be thankful, I will bestow more (favors) on you, but if you are ungrateful, (you will find that) My punishment is of course most severe.” Sometimes we do not know the outcome of something, and that is why we are overwhelmed by some challenges that may turn out to be positive. Perhaps we hate a thing while it is good for us, and we love a thing while it is bad for us. I also feel motivated when I think of and have time with my immediate family — my wife and son — my extended family, colleagues, and friends. Counting our blessings, letting go of bad feelings, and listening to motivational videos have also positive returns.

Q: What work are you most proud of in 2020?

Despite the high risks of the virus, COVID-19 incidents at the office, and station supply chain issues, there was an effective accomplishment of water supply work at many schools for Project WISE. I am proud of the different initiatives made by our team, like preparation of different design options, direct procurement of materials, use of mixed approach for construction/installation, engineering modifications, increase of the contractor pool, cost saving initiatives, and piloting of improved concrete water stations.

Q: What brought you to Splash, and what keeps you here?

When I see people trying to tackle poverty, expecting nothing in return, I forget all the worldly problems and envision a better life, an equal world for all humans and equitable share of resources. My life fills with joy and enthusiasm when I see people who fight and cross the limits; people who do the impossible and dare to stop unfairness; people who live inside others; people whose happiness lies in the happiness of others. This inspired me to join and stay in the humanitarian sector.
As a child, I used to go to public schools similar to the ones where Splash is intervening to improve their WASH conditions. Though the magnitude varies, most schools in Ethiopia have a basic problem: poor WASH facilities and services. We are in 2021 and still children die due to diarrhea globally, the main causes being unsafe water and poor hygiene. Every child has the right to health, and kids deserve to learn in a conducive environment where they can thrive and perform, they become healthy and happy, and their potential can be unleashed. They should not be in a school with poor WASH that robs them of their basic rights. I came here to contribute to tackling school WASH problems. The smile I add to the faces of the kids and my daily interaction with the amazing team keeps me here.

Q: If you could tell Splash supporters one thing about your team or your work, what would it be?

I would love to tell them that Splash’s goal of 100% coverage in big cities, as a model for others to replicate, is a unique approach compared to the scattered implementation of projects across diverse geographies, which is common in most humanitarian organizations. I would also tell them that a 50% government co-funded project, which Splash is implementing through Project WISE, is a rare and exciting opportunity for local adoption and long-lasting solutions.

Q: What’s your favorite game to play with your family?

Card games like Solitaire or rummy.

Q: Karaoke song of choice?

Adele’s “Hello” and Bob Marley’s “Three Little Birds (Don’t Worry).”

Q: Favorite food and drink?

Favorite food fried: chicken and “ጥብስ” (fried meat).
Favorite drink: clean water.

Q: Coffee or tea? How do you take it?

I take both. I always drink a cup of tea in the morning while eating my breakfast. I usually take a cup of coffee at the office late in the morning. I do not drink machine made coffee, but I love a coffee prepared by “Jebena,” a traditional Ethiopian coffee pot made of clay. We usually have coffee ceremonies over the weekends especially Sundays and sometimes neighbors and relatives join the ceremonies.

Q: Are you a morning or night person?

I am neither a morning nor a night person, though I slightly incline towards night person. I usually wake up around 7 a.m. and go to bed around 11 p.m.

Q: Finish this sentence: When I was young, I wanted to be…

… an urbanite. I grew up in a small town 1000 km from the capital, Addis Ababa. My father is a businessman. When I was a child, he used to visit Addis frequently to bring fabrics for sale. We were accustomed to clothes, shoes, books, and foodstuffs that he used to bring from Addis. This has ignited my interest to envision living in the capital. During that time, my mother was living in Saudi Arabia and was coming to Ethiopia every 3–4 years. Once upon a time, while I was in primary school, my mother came to Addis, and she told my older brother and me that we should come to Addis as she had not had enough time to visit us in our hometown. We flew by airplane to the capital and got the thrilling opportunity to visit Addis. These were the reasons that triggered me to live in a metropolis. Now, I am living the dream of my childhood.
☑ ☆ ✇ UN-Water Affiliated News

UN Food Systems Summit

By: Anna Nylander

The UN Food Systems Summit 2021 takes place today, focusing on the power of food systems to drive our recovery from the pandemic and get the world on track to … Read more

The post UN Food Systems Summit appeared first on UN-Water.

☑ ☆ ✇ UN-Water Affiliated News

Young Water Diplomats Program

By: Anna Nylander

IHE Delft Institute for Water Education invites early career diplomats interested in international water and environmental politics to apply for participation in the six month Young Water Diplomats Program, starting … Read more

The post Young Water Diplomats Program appeared first on UN-Water.

☑ ☆ ✇ UN-Water Affiliated News

Virtual workshop: Strengthening the integration of the Human Rights to Water and Sanitation in UN-Water’s work

By: Anna Nylander

In a virtual workshop hosted this week by OHCHR, various UN-Water Members and Partners discussed the development of a roadmap to strengthen the integration of the human rights to water … Read more

The post Virtual workshop: Strengthening the integration of the Human Rights to Water and Sanitation in UN-Water’s work appeared first on UN-Water.

☑ ☆ ✇ RWSN Blog

Rural Community Water Supply: Sustainable Services for All

By: RWSN Secretariat
Covid-19 gave me the chance to commit to paper (or electronic form, if you prefer) some of my understanding and experience gained over several decades. The outcome is a book, published earlier this year, entitled Rural Community Water Supply: Sustainable Services for All.





☑ ☆ ✇ UN-Water Affiliated News

Costing hand hygiene interventions

By: Anna Nylander

A new tool launched by WHO and UNICEF is designed to estimate the cost of interventions to improve hand hygiene in domestic settings. Adequate levels of funding are critical to … Read more

The post Costing hand hygiene interventions appeared first on UN-Water.

☑ ☆ ✇ UN-Water Affiliated News

The latest data – SDG 6 progress webinars

By: Anna Nylander

How are we doing on SDG 6 to ensure water and sanitation for all by 2030? Where is the progress being made? How can we accelerate efforts and reach those … Read more

The post The latest data – SDG 6 progress webinars appeared first on UN-Water.

☑ ☆ ✇ UN-Water Affiliated News

Registration open for Global Water Operators’ Partnerships congress

By: Anna Nylander

Registration for the 4th Global Water Operators’ Partnerships (WOPs) congress taking place on 18-29 October 2021, is now open. Congress sessions will focus on WOPs’ issues, highlight good approaches, and … Read more

The post Registration open for Global Water Operators’ Partnerships congress appeared first on UN-Water.

☑ ☆ ✇ UN-Water Affiliated News

Youth webinar: Building your business and seizing opportunities

By: Anna Nylander

On 2 September, The United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) host a webinar on land-based jobs for the youth, titled ‘Building your business and seizing opportunities’. The webinar will … Read more

The post Youth webinar: Building your business and seizing opportunities appeared first on UN-Water.

☑ ☆ ✇ UN-Water Affiliated News

2030 Agenda review processes will be ‘voluntary and country-led’

By: Anna Nylander

UN Member States have reached agreement on changes to the High-level Political Forum (HLPF) on Sustainable Development and how it conducts review processes. The changes will come into effect from … Read more

The post 2030 Agenda review processes will be ‘voluntary and country-led’ appeared first on UN-Water.

☑ ☆ ✇ IRC Water

Kabarole District WASH Asset and Service Level Analysis Report 2019

By: Anonymous

IRC Uganda is committed to supporting Kabarole District to reach universal WASH coverage by 2030 through strengthening the district level capacity for coordination and planning towards rural WASH service improvement. A major component of this is building the capacity for WASH service level and asset monitoring to track progress towards WASH targets. With funding from the Conrad N. Hilton Foundation (CNHF) and Watershed programmes, IRC Uganda supported Kabarole District Local Government to undertake WASH asset and service level analysis in July and August 2019, done in a participatory manner aimed to build capacity and momentum for master plan implementation. This work is also supportive of a third programme in Kabarole, the Sustainable WASH Systems Learning Partnership, under which a learning alliance is being supported to motivate collective action and build capacity in the district.

The study adopted a mixed approach of qualitative and quantitative techniques in order to provide more comprehensive findings. This involved a census of all water sources in the District and WASH assets in schools. A representative set of household surveys were used to obtain information about the use and access of services by residents. Key Informant discussions were held with Local Government stakeholders and communities, including a village survey to identify unserved villages and interviews with caretakers at all water points. Biological and physio-chemical water quality tests were undertaken on 80 water sources.

☑ ☆ ✇ Water Integrity Network

Water Integrity Global Outlook 2021: Urban Water and Sanitation

By: Water Integrity Network

The new Water Integrity Global Outlook 2021: Urban Water and Sanitation (WIGO 2021) report shares paths to address massive, long-term impact in cities of corruption in water and sanitation.


The global urban population (today already 4,2 billion people) is increasing rapidly and with it the number of people living in informal settlements, often referred to as ‘slums’. All urban residents, including those in informal settlements need water for life and sanitation for dignity. However, access to essential services is not keeping up with needs.

Today already 1.5 billion people don’t even have access to adequate toilets. Rates of progress since 2015 to achieve SDG6 must increase at least 4 times to reach targets. Many people in poorer neighbourhoods pay 2 to 5 times more for water than richer neighbours and services to wealthier neighbourhoods are disproportionately subsidised and supported. Corruption and integrity failures are making matters worse, siphoning off needed resources and capacity, and impacting the lives of city residents and the sustainability of water and sanitation services. Horrifyingly, some recent studies suggest 1 in 5 women in several regions are forced to pay for essential services with sex, or know someone who has.

Recent 2021 floods across the globe, from the United States to China, have shown that cities are unprepared to deal with rising water sector threats linked to climate change, despite advanced warning and resources. Recent droughts, are stark reminders of the possibility of more ‘day zeroes’ for cities running out of water. And the COVID 19 pandemic response has brought to light more evidence of our vulnerability to corruption in emergency situations.

Cities need clean water and sanitation to build resilience. Clean water needs clean governance and safeguards from corruption. Integrity in urban water and sanitation is a means to address the compounding risk cities face in terms of water.


Integrity Champions around the world are strengthening water and sanitation systems

Water integrity is using vested powers and resources ethically and honestly to ensure people have access to equitable and sustainable water and sanitation services. It’s an aspiration, a way forward. And, there really is no other way: water and sanitation are too important to leave them unprotected from poor integrity, corruption, and malpractice.

The new WIGO 2021 report shares cases studies and examples of how everyone from mayors to residents, from utilities to civil society, and from WASH officials to funders and the media, can take steps towards integrity. It’s possible to put in place very practical measures for Transparency, Accountability, Participation, and Anti-Corruption. These are the building blocks of integrity.

The former mayor of La Paz, Bolivia, implemented a strong anti-corruption programme with zero tolerance policy for corruption and rewards for civil servants working with integrity. Utilities in Bangladesh, Peru, and Mexico, are using new integrity indicator frameworks to better understand and mitigate integrity risks, becoming more responsive to user feedback and streamlining accounting or procurement processes. In South Africa, organisations like the International Budget Partnership are working with residents of informal settlements to monitor sanitation service levels and contribute to filling the gap in data and statistics that leaves people behind and out of the system. ControlaTuGobierno in Mexico is holding water and sanitation sector officials to account by reviewing supreme audit report findings. Some WASH organisations are getting started by organising safe spaces to discuss corruption issues internally or engaging with local communities through survey tools to increase downward accountability.

In the coming months, WIN and its network partners will collaborate on initiatives to promote WIGO’s key recommendations and motivate new integrity champions for water and sanitation.


It’s Essential. Make a difference for your city, become an Integrity Champion!


See more from WIGO2021

Download summary:

Download full report:


View in browser



The post Water Integrity Global Outlook 2021: Urban Water and Sanitation appeared first on WIN - Water Integrity Network.

☑ ☆ ✇ UN-Water Affiliated News

IPCC: Climate change is intensifying the water cycle

By: Anna Nylander

The headline from the latest Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) report is stark: climate change is widespread, rapid and intensifying, and urgent action is needed to drastically reduce carbon … Read more

The post IPCC: Climate change is intensifying the water cycle appeared first on UN-Water.

☑ ☆ ✇ WSUP Blog

Integrated Slum Upgrading: details and learnings from four experiences in Africa

By: Rogerio Simoes

Projects executed in Africa in the past few years have helped WSUP better understand the connection between water and sanitation issues and other challenges faced by residents of low-income urban areas.

Our report “Integrated Slum Upgrading”, first released in May 2021, indicates a clear path towards successful outcomes: solutions to the most urgent problems in those communities demand an integrated approach.

WSUP has worked in four projects in Mozambique, Kenya, Madagascar and Ghana, four countries with different priorities and backgrounds, to find that infrastructure and services problems are not perceived as disconnected needs.

The findings in the report, produced by WSUP and Arquitectura sin Fronteras (also known as ASF-España), suggest that people living in low-income urban areas do not think about specific problems separately. They also show that addressing difficult challenges in an integrated manner makes it easier to overcome them – the solution to one issue tends to open the path for solving another, a conclusion to be detailed in the session about integrated urban development at World Water Week.

Read the report: Integrated Slum Upgrading

Land rights and sanitation

In 2017, WSUP joined a project in Mozambique originally created as cooperation between the African nation and Spanish professionals: The Habitat Project, focused on one low-income community known as Chamanculo C.

In this effort, the municipal authorities of Maputo, the Mozambican capital, and Barcelona worked alongside Spain’s Arquitectos Sin Fronteras (Architectures Without Borders, or ASF-E) and the Ordem dos Advogados de Moçambique (Mozambican Lawyers Association), plus partners who joined at a later stage. The purpose: “the regularisation of land rights and associated agreement on plot boundaries and road access”.

The project intended to address the legal issues that prevented residents from having guarantees over the place where they live, something that affected their access to many types of basic services, including water and sanitation. With the involvement of WSUP, those two crucial services were integrated in the project.

Resident uses a communal washblock in Maputo, Mozambique. Credit: WSUP

Having worked with poor communities in Maputo since 2009, WSUP brought to Chamanculo C the model of high quality shared sanitation, which included the construction of Communal Sanitation Blocks, as well as Shared Latrines.

According to the “Integrated Slum Upgrading” report, implementing the sanitation improvements in Chamanculo C in connection with ASF-E’s work on land rights “offered multiple advantages”.

First, with plot boundaries and access addressed by the legal processes, it was “substantially easier to find appropriate locations for compound and communal facilities”. Second, the work with The Habitat Project allowed WSUP and its partners to “ensure that facilities are constructed in locations which will allow vehicle access for septic tank emptying”.

Join the discussion: Integrated urban development at World Water Week

As a third clear benefit, our participation made possible that, as part of the negotiations around land legalisation, toilet facilities were offered to residents taking into consideration the results of land demarcation or the creation of necessary accesses to roads.

Transport links and solid waste management

In Kenya and Madagascar, WSUP has been involved in projects that connect installation of sanitation systems with broader provision of basic services, particularly transport links and solid waste management.

The community of Mukuru, in Nairobi, has had the status of Special Planning Area (SPA) since 2017, which led to the adoption of an Integrated Development Plan, after consultation with over 100,000 households. The plan, with initial political support from the government, meant that the building of new roads and sewers could be planned and implemented in a coordinated manner.

As part of the effort, we have been working with Nairobi City Water and Sewerage Company to pilot simpler and low-cost sewers, which use plastic pipes that can bend and be placed at a shallower depth.

In Antananarivo, WSUP has been active since 2009, with CARE and the Municipal Hygiene Office (BMH), to support local community groups called RF2s. The work is focused on management, water, sanitation and hygiene, but that required an initial specific effort: solid waste collection.

“A key initial focus was to clean a drainage canal that runs through 8 low-income fokontanys [as villages are called in Madagascar] in central Tana”, our report explains. “There are currently 66 operational RF2s, with canal cleaning and intermediary solid waste collection services continuing on a daily basis, using revenues from WUA-operated water kiosks and other sources to fund day labourers.”

School washblock in Maputo, Mozambique Credit: WSUP

Basic services study

Additional knowledge was acquired when we presented to 3,000 households of Nairobi, the Kenyan capital, and other 3,000 in Accra, its Ghanaian counterpart, questions about 17 local basic services, from education to healthcare, crime prevention and water and sanitation. Despite the latter being WSUP’s focus, our team wanted to get residents’ perspectives within a much broader context, in which the many types of basic services could be assessed together and prioritised accordingly.

Having had the opportunity to consider different basic services presented together, residents of Accra placed flood control as their main priority, with 50% putting it amongst their top 5. In Nairobi, sanitation was included by 49% of the respondents, making it top of the list.

They were both followed closely, however, by garbage removal (48% put it on the top 5) and housing quality (also 48%) in Accra, while street paving (47%) and water supply (46%) made the top 3 in Nairobi. Those taking part in the study looked at their urban issues in a broader sense and provided answers that showed a varied picture of the services that ought to be prioritised.

Read more about the Accra & Nairobi study

WSUP’s experiences in Mozambique, Kenya, Madagascar and Ghana show that residents see different basic needs and services as part of the same reality. Considering the complexity of urban challenges and usual limitations in the available resources, an integrated approach seems to provide both agility and efficiency in finding solutions.

As our report concludes: “If we step outside of water and sanitation silos and project mindsets, we can perhaps consider that this is where we should be heading: towards an urban development model which conceives slum improvement as a multi-faceted project, within which water and sanitation improvements are an important element, but only part of a wider endeavour”.

Top image: A resident waits outside a washblock in Nairobi, Kenya. Credit: WSUP

☑ ☆ ✇ RWSN Blog

Un guide pratique pour dépasser le jargon entre les spécialistes des thématiques de genre et les praticiens de l’eau.

By: elodieskat
Figure 1 Dalia Soda, mécanicienne de pompes, à l’un des forages qu’elle entretient dans le village de Nzeremu, district de Salima, Malawi, juin 2016. (© WaterAid / Alexia Webster) Autonomisation des femmes par le biais d’activités d’approvisionnement en eau en milieu rural : Un guide pratique par et pour les praticiens du Réseau d’approvisionnement en … Continue reading "Un guide pratique pour dépasser le jargon entre les spécialistes des thématiques de genre et les praticiens de l’eau."

blog post gender




☑ ☆ ✇ RWSN Blog

Una guía práctica para superar la jerga entre los expertos en género y los profesionales del agua

By: elodieskat
Figura 1 La mecánica de bombas Dalia Soda en uno de los pozos que mantiene en el pueblo de Nzeremu, distrito de Salima, Malawi, junio de 2016. (© WaterAid / Alexia Webster) Empoderamiento de las mujeres a través de actividades de suministro de agua en zonas rurales: Una guía práctica por y para los profesionales … Continue reading "Una guía práctica para superar la jerga entre los expertos en género y los profesionales del agua"

blog post gender




☑ ☆ ✇ UN-Water News

SDG6 update: the world is off-track

By: Anna Nylander

The world is off-track on its journey to ensure water and sanitation for all by 2030, according to new progress updates launched today by the UN-Water Integrated Monitoring Initiative for … Read more

The post SDG6 update: the world is off-track appeared first on UN-Water.

☑ ☆ ✇ IRC Water

Market-based sanitation in the Ethiopian context

By: tsegaye

Sanitation based marketing

Some key changes in the enabling environment could lead to significant growth in the sanitation market.

Ethiopia is working to address sanitation and hygiene challenges through market-based sanitation. The stakes are high as poor sanitation and hygiene are leading causes of illness. According to the second Health Sector Transformation Plan of Ethiopia, the country aims to drastically reduce sanitation-related illnesses by increasing the proportion of households with access to a basic sanitation service from 20% in 2019 to 60% in 2025. Ethiopia plans to achieve these goals through market-based sanitation, a development approach in which a sustainable marketplace provides reliable sanitation goods and services to consumers and creates viable business opportunities for suppliers.

These efforts have already begun in earnest. The country’s Market-Based Sanitation Implementation Guideline, which was developed by the Federal Ministry of Health in collaboration with development partners, provides a framework for building and expanding market-based sanitation.

What is Market-Based Sanitation?

As stated in the Market-Based Sanitation Implementation Guideline, ‘’Market-based sanitation is a sanitation market whereby the household fully pays at once or through installments to the supplier for the preferred/desired basic sanitation and hygiene products and/or services.’’ Because the market will not work without attractive and profitable business opportunities for suppliers, creating a favourable environment for private-sector enterprises and consumers to conduct business through supportive regulations and policies is a critically important piece to implementing market-based sanitation. This is known as the “enabling environment”.


According to USAID Transform WASH research conducted on Ethiopia’s WASH business climate, businesses offering sanitation products and services in the country face a multitude of challenges resulting from a poor enabling environment. These include access to foreign exchange, tax and tariff rates, intellectual property protection, business registration, and start-up requirements, import challenges, uncertain demand, and business and consumer financing. Lack of access to foreign exchange impedes importation of sanitation products and manufacturing inputs while taxes and tariffs levied on sanitation products increase the price of sanitation products and services, reducing affordability and customer willingness to pay.  Challenges related to intellectual property rights, business start-up requirements, business registration, and uncertain demand discourage emerging businesses. Transform WASH's study examining the introduction of new sanitation products into the Ethiopian market indicated that bringing innovative plastic sanitation products to the local market took nine months longer than was originally planned. Bureaucratic hurdles related to importation, customs, logistics, high and confusing duties, and risk-averse investment decisions of corporate leads created delays and reduced profitability.

Additionally, Transform WASH's study on the assessment of sanitation financing options for enterprises and households shows that local enterprises and consumers are facing financing challenges. Businesses that may wish to offer sanitation products and services lack the capital to purchase raw materials in bulk to use for the production process and marketing tasks. Loan products are hard to access because they carry high-interest rates, or there are no sanitation-focused financial products at all.

Suggested Solutions

Some key changes in the enabling environment could lead to significant growth in the sanitation market.

To make sanitation products and services affordable to all, the government of Ethiopia should exempt or reduce taxes and tariffs levied on sanitation products. Higher prices lower demand, placing additional economic burdens on poor households and reducing the profitability of businesses who wish to sell sanitation products.

Registering sanitation products as essential goods and including them in the priority items list would help solve challenges related to the scarcity of foreign exchange as such transactions receive priority status by sector and by good.

Building a favourable climate for emerging businesses by easing bureaucratic hurdles would enhance growth. There should be an environment in which businesses face fewer impending regulations and sluggish processes for business set-up.

Promoting household understanding of the value of sanitation products and why they should prioritise the improvement of their facilities will create demand for nearby products and services. To do this, Transform WASH experience and research shows that engaging health extension workers and women development army leaders in such promotion will yield positive results along with enhancing business marketing and sales skills.

Expanding financing options is critical for market-based sanitation as small businesses need more and better loan products to blossom. Providing sanitation-focused loans for businesses would enable them to produce, sell, and distribute sanitation products and services at a much greater scale.  Also, strengthening microfinance institutions and village saving and credit associations that provide sanitation loans to consumers would enhance the purchasing power of households. In addressing the poorest customers, smart and targeted subsidies will help address the biggest affordability challenges.

At a fundamental level, establishing a conducive climate for market-based sanitation, working on improving financing restrictions for the enterprises and households, lessening bureaucratic hiccups, and creating demand will change the game and allow Ethiopia to meet its goals. In improving financing restrictions, financial institutions and the regulatory body needs to understand the value of providing finance for market-based sanitation and improve their directives and policy.

About Transform WASH
USAID Transform WASH aims to improve water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) outcomes in Ethiopia by increasing market access to and sustained use of a broader spectrum of affordable WASH products and services, with a substantial focus on sanitation.

Transform WASH achieves this by transforming the market for low-cost quality WASH products and services: stimulating demand at the community level, strengthening supply chains, and improving the enabling environment for a vibrant private market.

USAID Transform WASH is a USAID-funded activity implemented by PSI in collaboration with SNV, Plan International, and IRC WASH. The consortium is working closely with government agencies, including the Ministry of Health, the Ministry of Water, Irrigation and Electricity, the One WASH National Program, and regional and sub-regional governments.