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✇SMART Centre Group

Launching the ‘2 with 8’ initiative

By: Reinier Veldman —

Safe drinking Water

At the Stockholm Water Week a small group including dr. John Cherry, recipient of the 2020 Stockholm prize, and the SMART Centre Group proposed an idea for safe drinking with the title  Bold idea ‘2 with 8’.

2 billion people safe drinking water at point of use with a grant of $8 billion.

This seems possible with actions like 

  • Wide scale awareness creation.
  • Supply chains of good quality water filters.
  • Payment systems and support for poorest. 

Interested? Check the pamphlet here.

✇SMART Centre Group

SMART Centre Group at Stockholm World Water Week 2022

By: Reinier Veldman —

The SMART Centre Group is present at the Stockholm World Water Week, which takes place from 23 August – 1 September. The first few days were online and from Sunday 28 August – Thursday 1 September there are on-site session in Stockholm.

One of the highlights so far was the keynote by Dr. John Cherry on ‘solving rural water poverty’ during which he strongly argued to include Self-supply as one of the models to reach the rural populations. More information.

This year we do not have a physical booth, which means we are flexible to meet with you.

Feel free to reach out to us through info@smartcentregroup.com or +31642559870 (Henk) if you want to meet up.

✇WSUP Blog

WADA comes to a close and leaves legacy of WASH services in Madagascar

By: Rogerio Simoes —

It is the end of a major effort and the beginning of a new era. With the conclusion of the five-year Water and Development Alliance (WADA) programme, in three of Madagascar’s biggest cities, the country is ready to build on its legacy to continue improving its water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services. WADA comes to an end, but the work of authorities and the national water utility, with the support of local communities, continues.

Having run between June 2017 and June 2022, WADA addressed many challenges in water distribution, sanitation services, and hygiene practices faced by low-income communities in Madagascar’s capital, Antananarivo, and in the cities of Mahajanga, in the north, and Toliara, in the south. From the installation of WASH facilities near homes to increasing capacity of staff within JIRAMA, the national utility, WADA has dealt with urgent problems of the past, alleviated conditions of the present, and set the ground for further improvements in the future.

The five-year programme has been funded by The Coca Cola Foundation (TCCF), the US Agency for International Development (USAID), and several other members of this unique public-private partnership. Together, they have invested USD 8.5 million. Water & Sanitation for the Urban Poor (WSUP) has implemented the programme, in partnership with the Global Environment & Technology Foundation (GETF) and JIRAMA.

Water closer to home

One of the main missions of WADA was to create better conditions for the local population to access clean water. For many, the main obstacle for easier access has always been the distance, so hundreds of WASH facilities have been installed nearer the homes of residents.

Services provided by WADA, such as better water distribution, have benefited more than 500,000 people

“The kiosk is near us, we have clean water every day”, says Mbola Rasamimanana, resident of Soalandy, in Antananarivo, about the new facility installed as part of WADA. The fact that fetching water is no longer an activity taking too much of her time means she can now dedicate herself to other commitments, including paid work. “We have more time for income-generating activities, as we no longer go far to fetch water and wash our clothes.”

Easier access to clean water has improved an aspect of life even more important than economic activities: health. “Before the provision of potable water by the WADA project, we were often in poor health”, says Ms Rasamimanana. “Children were often sick.” That reality is, thankfully, now behind her and her family. “Now we are in good health.” According to Yves Arsùne Rakotondranaivo, Deputy Mayor of the Soalandy Commune, the new structures installed by WADA benefit 65% of the residents in the commune of Soalandy Ankadivoribe.

In its five years, WADA built a total of 361 WASH facilities in Antananarivo, Mahajanga and Toliara. While the water kiosks have been the main highlight, with a total 248 brand new ones built, schools have also benefited significantly, receiving 22 either new or refurbished toilet blocks, which have improved the overall hygiene conditions of children.

Water kiosks, like this one in Mahajanga, have brought water closer to homes and led to overall neighbourhood improvements

Communities have also been enjoying the facilities and social interactions provided by the 16 new communal laundry blocks, where the task of washing clothes also works as an engaging gathering of neighbours. Another important intervention was the connection of six water tanks to the water supply network and 60 new connections shared by different households, benefiting over 600 families.

Capacity for the future

The five years of the WADA programme brought improvements in water, sanitation and hygiene to more than 500,000 people in Antananarivo, Mahajanga and Toliara. It was a much-needed support for Madagascar’s population, especially considering the size of the challenges in the country in the WASH sector. According to the World Bank, around 80% of Madagascar’s population live in poverty, which means that a significant share of the residents in big cities lack access to basic water services. In Antananarivo, around 12% of the 3.2 million people do not access clean water. In Mahajanga and Toliara, that share is estimated at 11% and 16%, respectively. In sanitation, those numbers are even more dramatic: 70% in the capital, 75% in Mahjanga, and 78% in Toliara.

Changing the country’s reality more significantly will require time and sustained efforts in the future, for which WADA has also provided foundations. “We have benefited from WASH facilities, such as laundry blocks and water kiosks, and also capacity building for the management of these infrastructures”, says Mr  Rakotondranaivo.

Programmes developed for schools have improved the overall hygiene conditions of children, with the direct involvement of teachers

The management of those facilities was handed to autonomous associations, under the supervision of the communes. This arrangement has guaranteed that local capacity was gradually built, and knowledge consistently transferred, ensuring the smooth operation of facilities and services after the formal ending of the WADA programme.

“We monitor the operation of the WASH facilities and the activities of the water kiosk agents”, explains Viviane Harilalao, President of Mirindra Association. “We also monitor the revenue and its transfer from the fund manager to the Water User Association Treasurer.”

The focus on the future is also clear in the investment WADA has made in children’s hygiene. The construction of new WASH facilities in schools and the hygiene education programmes mean that very young Malagasy people will incorporate healthier lifestyles and a better understanding of public health, things they will carry with them for the rest of their lives.

“We have sensitised and trained teachers and students”, says Ravaka Tefisoa Rakotobe, Director of the Belanitra Public School, in Antanannarivo. Amongst many other newly adopted tasks embraced by both school staff and pupils, was the establishment of a “School Garden”, which works as a learning place for the children and has generated cabbage and parsley that have been sold or consumed in the school’s canteen.

From the launch of Phase One to the conclusion of the programme, the five years of WADA had many milestones

What makes Ms Rakotobe particularly proud, however, is the overall recognition of the transformation that has taken place – and which included new toilets, showers, drinking water station and rubbish facility. Her school obtained the WASH Friendly School Certification Level 3, a status awarded by the Ministry of Education, after evaluation done in collaboration with the ministries of WASH and Public Health.

The certification requires the school to have access to potable water; use of hygienic WASH facilities, including hygienic latrine; hygiene promotion as part of the curricula, with practice by the students; a school WASH Committee to ensure operation and maintenance. Level 3 is the best score of them all – and that is why Ms Rakotobe, her team and their students are adamant to keep it for good. “As a strategy to maintain WASH-Friendly Level 3, we have set up an organisation, by class, for the use, cleaning, and maintenance of WASH facilities.” If a school manages to maintain the Level 3 for several years, it receives the label of “WASH Friendly School”.

Read also: The early days of WADA

An improved utility

WADA’s initiatives to improve the operations of Madagascar’s national utility, JIRAMA, have also focused on the years ahead. From new equipment for laboratories responsible for water quality testing to training and technology aiming at reducing non-water revenue (both physical and commercial losses), the programme has prepared JIRAMA for a much more ambitious future, characterised by growth in water distribution and higher quality of its services.

JIRAMA’s laboratories have received investment in equipment and their capacity to perform tests

“We have received several kits for the JIRAMA Laboratory from WADA, including molecular absorption and atomic absorption spectrophotometer, precision balance, PH meter, gamma ray measuring device, and the oven”, lists proudly Pascale Rakotomahanina, Manager at the Water Quality Management Department, in Antananarivo. Similar investment in JIRAMA’s testing facilities in Mahajanga gave the city even more valuable tools for its work: speed and autonomy.

“The acquisition of equipment from the WADA project now allows us to do many types of analysis on site in Mahajanga”, says Edward Randrianirina, Head of JIRAMA’s Water Quality Section. Amongst the tasks his team can now perform independently from the capital are bacteriological analysis and detection of toxic elements.

WADA has achieved all the above, and much more, while establishing strong ties with the communities involved, from the very beginning. This has particularly been the case with the female population, which has been directly involved in the changes and benefited from economic opportunities they have created.

The WADA programme has increased JIRAMA’s capacity to monitor its network, tackling the problem of non-revenue water

“The project ensured the involvement of all local stakeholders and took care of the most vulnerable people, notably women”, says Sylvie Ramanantsoa, WSUP’s Country Manager in Madagascar.

WADA comes to a close having transformed the water, sanitation, and hygiene reality of hundreds of thousands of residents in three major cities of Madagascar. After five years, based on the many accomplishments of the project, the seeds for a much better future in the country’s WASH system are now planted. Embraced by local authorities, utility, and communities, the journey towards continuous and constant improvement has only just begun.

Read also: The stepping stones for sustainable water

Top image: residents using laundry block built as part of the WADA programme, in the commune of Soalandy

The WADA Madagascar project was also funded by UK aid from the Government of the United Kingdom, Dubai Cares, Cartier Philanthropy, OPEC Fund for International Development (OFID), The Halcrow Foundation, and JIRAMA.

✇IRC Sanitation

Lead with Problems, End with a Sale

By: Monte Achenbach —

Raising the "Decision Intelligence" of Sanitation Customers in Ethiopia

We've all heard of IQ, a measure of intelligence, and even EQ for emotional intelligence. But have you heard about DQ, or "decision intelligence?" In business terms, DQ is a customer's capacity to make smart decisions about purchases. For business operators to become good sellers, the capacity to strengthen a customer's DQ is a critical skill. At USAID Transform WASH, we're helping business partners across the country strive for excellence in both the quality of the WASH products and services they offer customers and in how they use the DQ SalesÂź approach to convince customers to buy them.

Discussing sanitation items with households

Discussing sanitation solutions with household 

The DQ Sales¼ approach was developed and is championed by T/WASH’s sales training partner, Whitten & Roy Partnership (WRP), a global sales consultancy that works with Fortune 500 companies and development NGOs alike.  Honed through years of experience working with sales teams to improve results, WRP’s methodology centers on increasing customers’ DQ by engaging in conversations about their problems.  What health issues are you facing?  What is the status of your toilet, and what problems is it causing for you and your family?  Inevitably, people will say that their kids get sick once or twice a year, particularly with bouts of diarrhea that require expensive health clinic visits.  They complain of the smell and flies in their toilets.  Then the seller helps customers calculate the financial costs of those problems.  

T/WASH embraced these sales techniques as part of our strategy to enhance a business model focused on simple, affordable upgrades to existing toilets.  The model requires door-to-door household visits by trained masons and flexible installation packages for a range of latrine types.  To be successful, masons offering quality installation services also need to become motivated sellers and good planners, better prepared for households who say, “No.”  

Results Formula for Motivated DQ Selling 

To achieve DQ Sales¼ results, motivation is a key ingredient.  Its importance is captured in WRP’s “Results Formula” for generating sales success: Results = Attitude + Competence + Executionℱ. 

© 2022 Scott A. Roy and W. Roy Whitten, Ph.D 

The relative strengths of the formula’s components have varying impact on results, as the sliding fulcrum indicates.  The poorer a salesperson’s attitude, the stronger the execution must be to get the same results.  While competence at selling is indispensable across the board, even the most skilled seller will fail to get good results without positive attitude and excellent execution.  We started by strengthening the A – C – E of our own team so that they could successfully train our business partners to do the same.  


Attitude is key to optimizing results, and it can range widely from a debilitating sense of impossibility to one of unbounded possibility.  Between those poles are factors like whether a job feels like an obligation versus an opportunity.  This is the difference between being reactive and taking charge.  Attitude improves when sellers recognize where they are on this spectrum at any given moment and think through how to elevate their attitude by taking action.  It helps to identify a “deepest desire” behind a job (e.g., “giving my kids the best possible future” or “building a beautiful home”) and use that to motivate daily work. 


A set of selling skills, in many cases new to a businessperson, must be developed to excel at the job and improve customers’ DQ.  These include the ability to engage in informal conversations with customers, share examples of neighbors who recently purchased toilets, present new information, and ask open-ended questions that encourage them to share their own stories and problems.  Once customers have identified their pain points, the seller can pose relevant solutions and show how money can be saved over time. 


Asking sellers to set their own goals and expand their capacity to achieve them through excellent planning and execution helps them stay encouraged. A few simple calculations can make the difference between demotivation and steady achievement, and attention to simple, focused data can ensure that sellers stay on track and exercise the right amount and type of effort.  First, they set an earnings goal for a month.  Then they estimate a conversion rate (on average, X% of households reached will purchase a product/service).  From that figure and profit margin per unit sold, it’s easy to calculate how many households need to be reached to achieve their earnings goals
and how many days and hours of work will be required each week to get there.  With that level of planning and setting of expectations, the households who say, “No, thanks!” become less discouraging, and practice and experience will only improve the conversion rate and earning potential month-by-month. 

DQ Results 

The development of T/WASH’s “deskilled” business model -- door-to-door sales by mason/installers (MIs) of relatively simple, inexpensive toilet upgrades -- and the addition of DQ, problem-led sales techniques have led to a rapid increase in our number of business partners and their toilet product sales.  To achieve this, the team has used WRP’s Results Formula to concentrate monitoring of partner performance on a few key indicators, such as number of sales presentations per week and sales conversation rate. This made it easy to identify whether and which improvements in attitude, competence, and execution were likely to strengthen sellers’ success with DQ Sales¼.   

Here are some of the key achievements of the program since early 2021, when T/WASH refocused on this MI-led business model and began offering DQ SalesŸ training:   

  • Among all T/WASH construction business partners, MIs have become the largest share at 60% (290 out of 480). 

  • Overall, business partner sales increased by 75% from quarter four of 2021 to quarter two of 2022. 

  • Sales by MIs trained in the DQ approach now comprise about 22% of total sales (in early 2021, it was just five percent), with this figure substantially undercounting MI sales of installation services to households who have purchased products directly from retailers. 

  • The average conversion rate (percentage of households that purchased following an MI sales presentation) stands at a healthy 26%. 

This is the kind of success that we want to sustain and scale.  As a pilot, we customized training for Ethiopia’s Health Extension Program that incorporated elements of the DQ Sales¼ approach into their SBCC activities.  We’re also exploring the possibility of developing similar training programs that can be added to the national TVET (technical and vocational college) curriculum and other business capacity building programs, which have paid scant attention to selling skills as a business necessity for building consumer demand and profitability.   

So clearly, it takes neither high IQ nor EQ to see that DQ gets results! 


About Transform WASH 

USAID Transform WASH aims to improve water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) outcomes in Ethiopia by increasing market access to and sustained use of a broader spectrum of affordable WASH products and services, with a substantial focus on sanitation. 
Transform WASH achieves this by transforming the market for low-cost quality WASH products and services: stimulating demand at the community level, strengthening supply chains, and improving the enabling environment for a vibrant private market. 

USAID Transform WASH is a USAID-funded activity implemented by PSI in collaboration with SNV, Plan International, and IRC WASH. The consortium is working closely with government agencies, including the Ministry of Health, the Ministry of Water, Irrigation and Electricity, the One WASH National Program, and regional and sub-regional governments. 

✇IRC Sanitation

Using serious gaming to build water and sanitation capacity

By: sanchez —

Can virtual simulation games be used to build capacities of professionals on strengthening of water, sanitation and hygiene systems?

As an IRC intern, I had three months (June - September 2022) to answer this question. After searching online, in scientific publications and emailing water, sanitation and serious game experts, and conducting interviews with IRC staff and associates, in the end, I found the answer to be: “yes”.

Example of a mock-up simulation on water, sanitation and hygiene system strengthening aimed at professionals

Example of a mock-up simulation on water, sanitation and hygiene system strengthening aimed at professionals

There is great potential in simulation/serious games already being used by educational experts for learning and to create awareness with the general public in a variety of fields, many with proven positive results. Some educators are convinced that serious games are a more effective way to teach their students, up to the university level.

Watch these TED Talks to see how an 8th grade teacher in Denver, Colorado, Jonathon Best and Andre Thomas of Texas A&M University are using serious games.

Sure, but that is just kids and young adults, what about serious professionals?

Well, the health field is moving swiftly to take advantage of the potential of simulation/serious games: for example, SimGame Medical is designed to train medical professionals. Limbs Alive aids patients of all ages in stroke recovery (with rigorous mathematical modelling to track progress). Re-mission, is a serious game for adolescents and young adults who are undergoing cancer therapy and was found to significantly improve treatment adherence and indicators of cancer-related self-efficacy and knowledge; published in Pediatrics. 

These games are having a big impact because they have serious benefits, some of which are: 

1. They provide a non-linear/unidirectional interactive motivational learning experience, they: 

  • Are a preferred learning method for visual learners (which is considered the majority of the population)
  • Check understanding interactively (better than a test, right?)
  • Visualise what has been learned
  • Allows you to learn as you play: "Don't tell me what happens, help me understand it"
  • Gives a sense of progress (advancing levels, attaining badges, etc.) which generally motivates the user to play a longer time when compared to other traditional learning methods

2. They provide the freedom to fail, as:

  • Failing in the game allows you to make better decisions in real life
  • Multiple attempts make it safe to experiment

3. They foster cooperation by:

  • Group bonding that takes place
  • International cooperation in open world games, whereby fostering collective action

4. They allow environments/situations which would otherwise not be possible by:

  • Allowing anyone to explore outer space, the bottom of the ocean, inside the earth, take on a role of CEO or president, etc.
  • Allowing professionals (doctors, drivers, pilots, etc.) virtual training through simulations which reduce cost and risk

5. They provide discussion of sensitive issues/taboos, for example:

  • Corruption, menstrual hygiene, etc.
  • Games, much like art, theatre, etc. show reality in a different way which triggers empathetic and critical thinking in the eyes of the viewer/player


So, are they being used in water, sanitation and hygiene?

Non-virtual games are. There are many in-person games made by NGOs for the general public. There are some in-person, role-playing games made by consultants used for the capacity strengthening of professionals on water and sanitation system strengthening (used by Dr. Catarina Fonseca, Dr. Angela Huston, and George de Gooijer, just to name a few). Viva con Agua is developing a board game for training and planning purposes which allows people to appreciate the complexities of water and sanitation service delivery from different perspectives, i.e., government, NGO, community, and private sector.

There are many virtual simulations in the field of water management, sustainable water use, water resource management, urban planning, water contamination, hydrology, stormwater management, etc. What about, more specifically, free games that are available online and aim to build capacity related to water, sanitation and hygiene services? Games that met these criteria were gathered and analysed, finding the following results:

  • All were single players
  • A lot were no longer functional (more commonly PC games than apps)
  • Many are available only as apps (sometimes available on PC but with required download)
  • There is an app compatibility issue: iPhone vs. android apps (some apps are not available for you if you have an iPhone or vice versa)
  • 'User friendliness' is low. For example, some apps do not save automatically and generally feel like low budget games
  • All are for the general public, most are for kids, none are for professionals
  • Most aimed at high income countries for use in their own country or to raise awareness with the general public of realities in low-income countries

Although many consider games to just be appropriate for kids, according to the entertainment software association, the average age of gamers is 33 years and in the serious game that aids in stroke recovery (Limbs Alive), user age was not a problem.

Target audience age

Some may think the reason these games do not exist in low- and middle-income countries is because there may be accessibility and cultural barriers. Well, you might be surprised to find that popular app games like Candy Crush are big in Mali, India and Burkina Faso. In Rwanda, it’s all about the football game apps. What about games for professionals? Well, all of the IRC Capacity Development officers at the IRC country offices agreed that a well-made simulation game on WASH systems would be a useful learning tool. According to the World Bank 2016 report, worldwide, internet is more evenly spread than income. In the words of U.N. Deputy Secretary-General Jan Eliasson, “of the world’s seven billion people, about six billion have mobile phones but only about 4.5 billion have access to toilets.” It is therefore no wonder that 94% of the WASH Systems Academy virtual course users of 2022 are from low- and middle-income countries (see graphs below).

Graph showing target audience and income per country Graph showing target audience WASH Systems Academy

How about any free games that are available online and aim to build the capacity of professionals working in water, sanitation and hygiene services?

I did not find any therefore kept searching and after being told “no” by serious game and WASH professionals, I received a reassuring reply by Professor Bruce Lankford, of University of East Anglia, “I think you are on the right track.  It is surprising that there is not something along the lines you are looking for. Well done for spotting this!” When compared to other fields, the water, sanitation and hygiene sector is not using serious games to their full potential Aashna Mittal, serious game PhD researcher in agricultural and urban water management sectors at TU Delft University, agrees.

This seems a missed opportunity, ‘low hanging fruit’ waiting to be picked which could potentially advance the field of water, sanitation and hygiene in a big way. This simulation game could address the capacity gap at a low cost per user as although there is a high upfront cost, there is a low running cost which results in a low cost per person trained. It would be accessible for a very large group of people and for people in situations such as COVID, maternity, etc. with a lower carbon footprint (comparatively, you can only do so many in-person trainings).

So, can virtual simulation games be used to build capacities of professionals on strengthening of water, sanitation, and hygiene systems?

Yes, there are even publications which demonstrate that serious games are successful in building capacities of professionals on system thinking (of more than 10 years ago) Pasin and Giroux, in 2011, stated: “Complex interdependencies of systems can be taught by simulation games more effectively than with traditional learning methods”. More recently, in 2019, Arnold et al. stated: “Simulation games offer a safe space to experiment with system models and provide learning experiences about interdependencies and thus, are considered to foster the development of a deeper understanding of systems".

So, IRC is looking for funding and partnerships to develop a WASH systems simulation game to be used for different purposes; linked to the WASH Systems Academy, stand-alone, in workshops, on-the-job support, with donors etc. Linking the game to the WASH Systems Academy would allow for continued use of the game as the Academy is already running with much success. The WASH systems simulation game should be:

  • Low data (for better accessibility in all country contexts)
  • Able to save automatically
  • Accessible on smart phone as an app and as a PC game with and without download
  • Well made
  • With planned monitoring and evaluation for assessment

Do we know enough about WASH systems to be able to create this simulation? We need to remember that all serious games/simulations are a simplification of reality. It would improve with time. It could work towards an open world game which allows people internationally to cooperate, whereby fostering collective action.


List of WASH games

✇IRC Sanitation

IRC Mali partage ses expériences sur le processus WASH-FIT

By: Anonymous —

IRC Mali, à travers le projet "santé maternelle et eau potable", a mis en oeuvre le processus WASH-FIT dans les maternités rurales de ses communes d'intervention.

De gauche à droite : Mamane Amadou (World Vision), Hamadoun Dicko (MinistÚre de la Santé et du Développement Social) et Dr. Afou Chantal Bengaly (IRC)

Dans le but d’évaluer ses rĂ©alisations dans le cadre du projet ‘’SantĂ© Maternelle et Eau Potable’’, IRC WASH Mali, en collaboration avec World Vision, a organisĂ© un atelier de partage de rĂ©sultats et d’expĂ©riences sur la mise en Ɠuvre du processus WASH-FIT dans les centres de santĂ© des communes de Nossombougou, Ouolodo et Tioribougou dans le cercle de Kolokani, rĂ©gion de Koulikoro. C’était le 30 Juin 2022, Ă  l’hĂŽtel Onomo de Bamako.

Chaque annĂ©e, plus d’un million de dĂ©cĂšs sont liĂ©s Ă  des accouchements faits dans des mauvaises conditions d’hygiĂšne. Au mĂȘme moment, 26% de mortalitĂ©s nĂ©onatales et 11% de mortalitĂ©s maternelles sont imputables aux infections. Le Mali n’est pas en marge de cette rĂ©alitĂ©. C’est pourquoi depuis 2016, IRC WASH, en partenariat avec World Vision, mĂšne des activitĂ©s stratĂ©giques au Mali pour accompagner les efforts du gouvernement dans l’accĂšs des populations aux services eau potable, hygiĂšne et assainissement (WASH).

Ainsi depuis 2017, IRC WASH accompagne des structures de santĂ© dans les communes de Nossombougou, Ouolodo et Tioribougou dans l’élaboration de plans stratĂ©giques communaux WASH pour l’atteinte de l’ODD6 Ă  horizon 2030. Ces plans stratĂ©giques communaux WASH 2018-2030, accompagnĂ©s de plans d’investissements pour chacune des trois communes concernĂ©es, s’élĂšve Ă  un budget global de 8 milliards, dont 3. 911. 050. 000 F CFA pour Nossombougou; 1. 663. 880. 000 F CFA pour Ouolodo et 2. 588. 150. 000 F CFA pour Tioribougou.

Selon la Direction pays de IRC WASH, Mme TraorĂ© Afou Chantal Bengaly, IRC WASH Ă  travers ces plans d’actions, a effectuĂ© de grandes rĂ©alisations dans ces trois communes du cercle de Kolokani. Cela, autour de quatre (04) axes stratĂ©giques qui sont : ‘’Accroissement de la performance institutionnelle de la mairie ; AccĂšs universel Ă  des services continus et amĂ©liorĂ©s d’eau potable ; AccĂšs universel Ă  des services continus et adĂ©quats d’assainissement et Renforcement des capacitĂ©s de participation citoyenne’’

De grandes réalisations !

Mme TraorĂ© Afou Chantal Bengaly a Ă©galement prĂ©cisĂ© que ces plans stratĂ©giques soutenus pour le moment par IRC WASH, World Vision et d’autres partenaires ont permis la rĂ©alisation de plusieurs points d’eau dans les zones d’interventions. Il s’agit de 10 adductions d’eau sommaire ; 11 forages Ă©quipĂ©s de PMH 3 SystĂšmes d’hydrauliques villageois amĂ©liorĂ©s et 01 Adduction de site maraicher. « Depuis novembre 2020, cette collaboration IRC – World Vision assure aussi la mise en Ɠuvre du projet pilote intitulĂ© ‘’Eau potable et santĂ© maternelle’’ avec l’accompagnement du Centre de SantĂ© de RĂ©fĂ©rence de Kolokani et les mairies de Nossombougou, Ouolodo et de Tioribougou. Ce projet, financĂ© par la Fondation de la Loterie SuĂ©doise, vise Ă  assurer l’accĂšs Ă  l’eau potable et Ă  l’assainissement dans les centres de santĂ© et Ă  mettre en Ɠuvre des changements efficaces qui produisent des amĂ©liorations de la santĂ© Ă  travers le processus WASH – FIT », a-t-elle expliquĂ©.

Selon la Direction pays de IRC WASH, neuf (9) centres de santĂ© dont trois (3) centres de santĂ© communautaires et (6) maternitĂ©s rurales des trois communes ont bĂ©nĂ©ficiĂ© de ce projet pilote. « GrĂące aux efforts de World Vision et d’IRC WASH, plus de 80 % de ces centres de santĂ© sont dotĂ©s d’infrastructure d’Eau. Aussi, avec l’accompagnement d’IRC WASH et de World Vision, chacune de ces maternitĂ©s dispose dĂ©sormais d’un plan d’amĂ©lioration des services WASH et d’une Ă©quipe WASH – FIT qui veille Ă  l’exĂ©cution de ce plan. Nous notons Ă©galement un progrĂšs significatif dans la gestion de ces structures grĂące aux activitĂ©s de renforcement de capacitĂ©s sur la mise en Ɠuvre de l’outil WASH – FIT auxquels ont pris part les agents de santĂ© et les acteurs WASH », souligne-t-elle.

Mme TraorĂ© Afou Chantal Bengaly estime Ă©galement que de nos jours, neuf plans de gestion de santĂ© et environnement communĂ©ment appelĂ© ‘’Plans WASH – Fit’’ sont fonctionnels et suivis par le centre de santĂ© de rĂ©fĂ©rence de Kolokani avec l’accompagnĂ© de World Vision et d’IRC WASH Mali. Au total, 24 personnes sont formĂ©es sur la PrĂ©vention – ContrĂŽle des Infections et les techniques WASH, dont 3 Directeurs techniques de Centre, 3 infirmiers ou infirmiĂšres, 6 matrones et 12 volontaires villageois aidant Ă  entretenir les maternitĂ©s rurales.

Des défis à relever !

Cependant, la Direction pays de IRC WASH note que, malgrĂ© les nombreuses rĂ©alisations, les dĂ©fis persistent quant Ă  l’atteinte de l’ODD6. Parmi ces dĂ©fis, il faut citer, selon elle, l’accompagnement financier des autoritĂ©s et les partenaires au dĂ©veloppement aux maternitĂ©s rurales qui ne font pas partie de la pyramide sanitaire du Mali ; la mise Ă  l’échelle du pays de l’outil WASH-FIT ; la mise en Ɠuvre du plan d’action national sur la rĂ©solution de l’Organisation Mondiale de la SantĂ© (OMS) sur le WASH en milieu de soins, etc.

Pour sa part, Mamane Amadou, Wash Senior Manager Ă  World Vision, a estimĂ© que la question Wash est Ă  la base de tout dĂ©veloppement et que ces services ne doivent pas ĂȘtre un luxe, mais plutĂŽt un droit.

Les autoritĂ©s s’engagent aux cĂŽtĂ©s d’IRC et de World Vision !

 Dans son discours d’ouverture, le reprĂ©sentant du ministre de la SantĂ© et du dĂ©veloppement social, Hamadoun Dicko, a apprĂ©ciĂ© l’initiative Ă  sa juste valeur, d’autant plus qu’elle s’aligne avec les aspirations et les prioritĂ©s des plus hautes autoritĂ©s du Mali traduites Ă  travers la politique sectorielle de santĂ© et de population basĂ©e sur la dĂ©centralisation de l’accĂšs aux soins et la participation communautaire. Aussi, le reprĂ©sentant du ministre de la SantĂ© et du dĂ©veloppement social estime que l’eau, l’assainissement et l’hygiĂšne Ă©tant prĂ©alable pour des soins de qualitĂ©, et particuliĂšrement pour des accouchements sans risque, de nombreuses personnes sont exposĂ©es aux risques de contamination quand elles se rendent dans des centres de santĂ© surtout ruraux.

Selon lui, l’organisation de cet atelier dont l’objectif gĂ©nĂ©ral vise le partage d’expĂ©rience d’IRC WASH, de World Vision sur la mise en Ɠuvre de l’approche WASH-FIT, vient Ă  point nommĂ© et soutient l’engagement manifeste du Gouvernement de la transition pour accroitre l’accĂšs des services sociaux de base, en particulier l’accĂšs Ă  l’eau, l’hygiĂšne et l’assainissement. « Je puis vous assurer que le Gouvernement de la transition Ă  travers le MinistĂšre de la SantĂ© et du DĂ©veloppement social continuera Ă  vous apporter tout l’accompagnement requis vous permettant une meilleure atteinte des objectifs que vous vous fixez lors de vos appuis multiples et multiformes aux populations du Mali », a-t-il rassurĂ©.

Pour rappel, le processus WASH-FIT est une mĂ©thode axĂ©e sur les risques, comportant une sĂ©rie d’outils permettant d’amĂ©liorer les services d’eau, d’assainissement et d’hygiĂšne de façon continue, dans le cadre de l’objectif plus vaste de perfectionnement des Ă©tablissements de soins de santĂ©.  Un cadre qui a permis de prĂ©senter une note d’information gĂ©nĂ©rale sur les actions entreprises et de faire l’état des progrĂšs afin de se projeter dans les perspectives.

Amadou Kodio/Afrikinfos-Mali

✇WSUP Blog

WSUP mourns the death of Her Majesty the Queen

By: Rogerio Simoes —

Out of respect, following the death of Her Majesty the Queen, WSUP has suspended external communications.

Whilst WSUP’s vital work on the ground continues in Africa and South Asia, we have decided that in recognition of the national and international periods of mourning for HM Queen Elizabeth ll, we will pause our external website and social media communications.

The Queen was a constant and steadfast presence both in the UK and internationally during her remarkable reign, and her loss will be felt deeply by many.

WSUP will resume its external communications following the Queen’s funeral.

Photo by WikiImages from Pixabay

✇RWSN Blog

From Tractors to the Tara pump

By: RWSN Secretariat —
This year we are celebrating 30 years since the Rural Water Supply Network was formally founded. From very technical beginnings as a group of (mostly male) experts – the Handpump Technology Network- we have evolved to be a diverse and vibrant network of over 13,000 people and 100 organisations working on a wide range of 
 Continue reading "From Tractors to the Tara pump"

Erich Baumann


✇End Water Poverty

Mexico water rights defenders expose state violence in the fight against privatisation

By: editor —
Mexico water rights defenders expose state violence in the fight against privatisation editor 7 September 2022 - 10:44
✇IRC Sanitation

IRC Mali officialise son partenariat avec ses communes focus

By: Thera —

La Directrice Pays d'IRC Mali rend visite aux communes d'intervention pour renforcer le partenariat en vue d'atteindre l'ODD6 d'ici 2030.

IRC depuis 2018 en collaboration avec World Vision intervient dans les communes rurales de Nossombougou, Ouolodo et Tioribougou pour renforcer les systĂšmes WASH dans les Ă©coles et les centres de santĂ©. Depuis son enregistrement officiel en tant qu’ONG internationale au Mali en 2021, IRC Mali s’est donnĂ©e comme mission d’officialiser son partenariat avec les communes d’intervention par la signature d’un protocole d’accord avec les maries des trois communes. Une mission d’IRC WASH Mali composĂ© de la Directrice Pays Dr Afou Chantal Bengaly TraorĂ©, de l’expert junior WASH Mohamed KanĂ© et de la ChargĂ©e de Communication Sanata ThĂ©ra s’est rendue dans lesdites communes ce vendredi 19 aoĂ»t 2022 pour la signature des dits protocoles et la remise d’un chĂšque symbolique d’une valeur de 500 000 FCFA (740 USD) Ă  chacune des mairies pour soutenir le service municipal de l’eau et l’assainissement en place.

La mission s’est d’abord rendue dans la commune de Tioribougou oĂč elle a rencontrĂ© le maire Moussa Diarra. AprĂšs quelques Ă©changes sur la situation sĂ©curitaire de la zone, la directrice pays de l’IRC WASH Mali a soulignĂ© l’importance de ce protocole d’accord qui facilitera le partenariat entre l’ONG et la mairie mais aussi la mobilisation de ressources pour soutenir le Plan StratĂ©gique communal WASH afin d’atteindre l’ODD6. Les deux parties ont signĂ© le protocole et la Directrice Pays de l’IRC WASH Mali a remis le chĂšque symbolique au service municipal d’eau et d’assainissement (SMEA). Chaque agent SMEA sera dotĂ© d’un cahier de charge quant Ă  l’utilisation de ce fond pour le bon fonctionnement du service.

 Photo : M. le maire de Tioribougou Moussa Diarra et la Directrice Pays de l’IRC WASH Mali Dr. Afou Chantal Bengaly

Photo : M. le maire de Tioribougou Moussa Diarra et la Directrice Pays de l'IRC WASH Mali Dr. Afou Chantal Bengaly 

La mission s’est ensuite rendue dans la commune de Ouolodo oĂč elle fut accueillie par la secrĂ©taire gĂ©nĂ©rale Mme Youma TraorĂ© et l’agent SMEA Welekoro TraorĂ©. Comme Ă  Tioribougou, la Directrice Pays a expliquĂ© le but de cette dĂ©marche qui vise surtout Ă  pĂ©renniser les efforts d’IRC WASH Mali pour le renforcement des systĂšmes WASH dans ses communes d’intervention. Soucieuse de l’avancĂ©e de l’ODD6 dans la commune, elle s’est aussi enquise de la situation globale des services. Selon Mme Youma TraorĂ©, la commune a connu un progrĂšs Ă©norme quant Ă  la couverture en service WASH prĂ©cisĂ©ment l'approvisionnement en eau potable.


Photo : Youma Traoré, secrétaire général de la maire de Ouolodo

Elle confesse en ces mots « avant, nous creusions des puits pour avoir de l’eau qui n’était pas vraiment potable. Avec l’aide d’IRC WASH Mali et de World Vision, nous avons pu Ă©laborer notre plan stratĂ©gique communal WASH duquel nous dĂ©duisons chaque annĂ©e un plan de travail budgĂ©tisĂ© (PTAB). Ce PTAB nous a permis d’attirer d’autres potentiels partenaires techniques et financiers et de mobiliser des fonds pour la construction de nouveaux points d’eau amĂ©liorĂ©s notamment dans les Ă©coles et les centres de santĂ©. Cependant il reste beaucoup Ă  faire dans le domaine de l’assainissement ».

Photo : Youma Traoré, secrétaire général de la maire de Ouolodo

La visite s’est terminĂ©e dans la commune de Nossombougou oĂč la mission a payĂ© une visite de courtoisie au sous-prĂ©fet du cercle de Kolokani avant de rencontrer les agents municipaux. Dr. Afou Chantal a rencontrĂ© le sous-prĂ©fet Mme Diarra Djeneba Kemesso qui fut rassurĂ©e des bonnes intentions d’IRC WASH Mali Ă  amĂ©liorer les services WASH dans les trois communes.

Photo : Mohamed Kané, Diarra Djeneba Kemesso et Afou Chantal Bengaly
Photo : Mohamed Kané, Diarra Djeneba Kemesso et Afou Chantal Bengaly

A la mairie de Nossombougou, la mission a rencontrĂ© le premier adjoint au maire M. Sidy Diarra, l’agent SMEA Gaoussou Dabo et le secrĂ©taire gĂ©nĂ©ral Salif TraorĂ©. Selon M. Diarra, cet accord est une bonne initiative et permet de mieux dĂ©finir les rĂŽles et les responsabilitĂ©s de chaque partie dans le partenariat.

Photo : 1ere ligne, Sidi Diarra, Afou chantal Bengaly, Sanata Théra, Salif Traoré ; 2Úme ligne, Gaoussou Dabo et Mohamed Kané
Photo : 1ere ligne, Sidi Diarra, Afou chantal Bengaly, Sanata Théra, Salif Traoré ; 2Úme ligne, Gaoussou Dabo et Mohamed Kané

Cette visite a aussi permis d’acquĂ©rir des informations sur le statut d’exĂ©cution du Plan StratĂ©gique communal WASH. De 2018 Ă  nos jours, les trois communes sont Ă  plus de 90% en matiĂšre d’accĂšs Ă  l’eaupotable. Six maternitĂ©s rurales ont Ă©tĂ© couvertes par IRC et son partenaire World Vision. Cependant il reste deux maternitĂ©s dont une Ă  Ouolodo et une Ă  Nossombougou qui ne sont pas approvisionnĂ©es. Quelques hameaux devenus maintenant des villages dans ces zones ne sont toujours pas servis. GrĂące Ă  la prĂ©sence de nouveaux partenaires, la commune de Nossombougou entend rĂ©ceptionner de nouveaux points d’eau amĂ©liorĂ© notamment le village de Ouarala.

✇UN-Water Affiliated News

UN Climate Action: “Net-zero commitments are falling far short”

By: Anna Nylander —

Commitments made by governments to reach net zero greenhouse gas emissions are falling far short of what is required to limit climate change, according to the United Nations. Current national 
 Read more

The post UN Climate Action: “Net-zero commitments are falling far short” appeared first on UN-Water.

✇End Water Poverty

August 2022 newsletter

By: editor —
August 2022 newsletter editor 1 September 2022 - 10:21
✇Water Integrity Network

Assessing integrity levels in utilities: self-scan

By: Water Integrity Network —

What is it:

15-minute integrity maturity survey for utilities based on integrity indicators validated in research with the Inter-American Development Bank.  


Why it is relevant: 

Understanding what integrity practices are in place in a utility, and how to improve, is key to having an effective integrity risk management strategy or ESG programme. In the water and sanitation sector specifically, integrity management can support improved service delivery, build trust with users, and reduce costly risks of corruption or unethical behaviour. 

This survey provides insight on internationally recognised best practices for integrity, adapted specifically for water and sanitation service operators or utilities. 


How does it work:

The self-scan is an online survey in English, Spanish or French, that can be filled in by a staff member or small team with knowledge of key governance and control processes.

The data collected is anonymised and processed in the strictest confidentiality by the WIN research team as input to a global trends report on integrity management challenges and best practices for utilities. 

All participating utilities receive: 

  • A summary of the answers given;
  • A personalised benchmarking report comparing individual utility scores with average scores for water and sanitation utilities, across the main integrity principles (when a minimum number of responses is collected for analysis);
  • A copy of the global trends report. 

 The reports are shared exclusively with the email provided for the survey. 


GO TO SURVEY (English)




This survey is administered with the Limesurvey platform with data saved on servers in Germany in accordance with GDPR.


Going further:

The Integrity Management Toolbox for water and sanitation utilities is a tested set of resources to launch or boost integrity management programmes in utilities. It has been piloted and used to improve service, support financial stability, and ensure compliance in over 25 utilities serving more than 4 million users in 10 countries. Contact us for more info on how to use the tool.

The post Assessing integrity levels in utilities: self-scan appeared first on WIN - Water Integrity Network.

✇IRC Sanitation

Commune de Kornaka : mise en oeuvre du processus WASH FIT

By: Ousmane —

Déclenchement du processus WASH FIT dans six centres de santé de la commune.

En 2015 les Nations Unies ont adoptĂ© les Objectifs de DĂ©veloppement Durable (ODD) qui sont « un appel mondial Ă  agir pour Ă©radiquer la pauvretĂ©, protĂ©ger la PlanĂšte et faire en sorte que tous les ĂȘtres humains vivent dans la paix et la prospĂ©ritĂ© d’ici Ă  2030 ». L’objectif n°6 vise Ă  « garantir l’accĂšs de tous Ă  l’eau et Ă  l’assainissement et assurer une gestion durable des ressources en eau ». C’est dans cette optique que le Niger Ă  travers le MinistĂšre de l’Hydraulique et de l’Assainissement a Ă©laborĂ© avec l’appui de ses Partenaires Techniques et Financiers le « Programme Eau, HygiĂšne et Assainissement pour la pĂ©riode 2016-2030, (PROSEHA) ». L’objectif entre autres est d’ici 2030 que tous les mĂ©nages, les Ă©coles, les formations sanitaires et les autres lieux de vie aient accĂšs Ă  des services basiques d’eau, d’assainissement et d’hygiĂšne.

C’est en ce sens que IRC s’est engagĂ© Ă  assister la commune de Kornaka et de mettre en Ɠuvre l’approche WASH FIT dans six centres de santĂ© de la commune afin d’amĂ©liorer la fourniture des services WASH dans ces centres. Le processus WASH FIT est une mĂ©thode axĂ©e sur les risques, comportant une sĂ©rie d'outils permettant d'amĂ©liorer les services d'eau, d'assainissement et d'hygiĂšne de façon continue, dans le cadre de l'objectif plus vaste de perfectionnement des Ă©tablissements de soins de santĂ©. Il est destinĂ© Ă  de petits Ă©tablissements de soins de santĂ© primaire.

 Afin que le processus WASH FIT puisse ĂȘtre mis en Ɠuvre correctement, un atelier de formation des responsables de ces six centres de santĂ© a Ă©tĂ© tenu du 22 au 23 juillet 2022 au niveau de la commune.

Les principaux points que l’on peut retenir de l’atelier sont :

  • Toutes les Ă©tapes du processus WASH FIT ont Ă©tĂ© prĂ©sentĂ©es aux participants. Les implications de chaque Ă©tape aussi ont Ă©tĂ© prĂ©sentĂ©es et dĂ©battues ;
  • Les normes WASH dans un Ă©tablissement de soins de santĂ© ont Ă©galement Ă©tĂ© prĂ©sentĂ©es aux participants. L’audience a beaucoup apprĂ©ciĂ© ce point car les responsables des centres de santĂ© se sont rendus compte qu’une bonne partie des normes WASH ne sont pas connues et/ou appliquĂ©es ;
  • La prĂ©sentation des normes WASH dans un centre de santĂ© a permis aux participants de voir les dĂ©fis Ă  relever pour amĂ©liorer les services WASH dans leur Ă©tablissement ;
  • L’implication de l’autoritĂ© communale. Le maire de la commune M. Tsahirou Alassane a mis l’accent sur le fait que l’engagement et le leadership des responsables des centres de santĂ© sont indispensables pour la rĂ©ussite de la mise en Ɠuvre du processus. Il les a appelĂ©s Ă  s’impliquer malgrĂ© les dĂ©fis et qu’ils ont un rĂŽle important dans l’amĂ©lioration des services WASH dans leur Ă©tablissement.

Participants à l'atelier (autorités communales et les responsables des centres de santé)

AprĂšs l’atelier de formation, le processus WASH FIT a Ă©tĂ© dĂ©clenchĂ© dans les six centres de santĂ©. Une Ă©quipe WASH FIT a Ă©tĂ© mise en place dans chaque Ă©tablissement et ensuite l’évaluation des indicateurs WASH FIT a Ă©tĂ© menĂ©e conjointement avec les membres de l’équipe. Cette Ă©valuation a permis de dĂ©celer pour chaque Ă©tablissement les indicateurs Ă  corriger afin d’amĂ©liorer la situation WASH. Si globalement ces centres de santĂ© prĂ©sentent une situation assez satisfaisante en matiĂšre d’approvisionnement en eau potable, les sous domaines assainissement, gestion des dĂ©chets mĂ©dicaux, hygiĂšne, nettoyage de l’environnement et gestion de l’établissement prĂ©sentent des indicateurs qui ne sont pas globalement en adĂ©quation avec les normes.

Mise en place de l’équipe WASH FIT (case de santĂ© de Maski)

La prochaine Ă©tape, IRC, le service municipal eau et assainissement et l’équipe WASH FIT de chaque Ă©tablissement vont dĂ©finir et hiĂ©rarchiser les domaines d’amĂ©lioration et ensuite Ă©laborer un plan d’amĂ©lioration. Les Ă©quipes WASH FIT avec le soutien de la communautĂ© ont pris l’engagement de participer Ă  l’amĂ©lioration de la situation WASH de leur Ă©tablissement. 

Evaluateurs des indicateurs WASH FIT

✇UN-Water Affiliated News

Webinar: UN 2023 Water Conference and use of national data

By: Anna Nylander —

On 14 September the UN-Water Integrated Monitoring Initiative for SDG 6 (IMI-SDG6) will host a webinar on the UN 2023 Water Conference and the use of national data. For effective 
 Read more

The post Webinar: UN 2023 Water Conference and use of national data appeared first on UN-Water.

✇UN-Water Affiliated News

Space4Water Stakeholder Meeting

By: Anna Nylander —

Space4Water’s vision is to enable all stakeholders involved in the space and water communities to access data and knowledge, to be creative and to realize their full potential in contributing 
 Read more

The post Space4Water Stakeholder Meeting appeared first on UN-Water.

✇WSUP Blog

Test your water knowledge and work for 100% coverage with this WSUP game

By: Rogerio Simoes —

With climate change affecting water availability all over the world, it is imperative for any local, regional, or national utility to use resources wisely. More than ever, water must be distributed in a way that serves all citizens, preserves the environment, and guarantees the financial viability of the operation. Considering the size of the challenge, do you have what it takes to face it?

As part of World Water Week 2022, WSUP and Cranfield University have developed a new online game, The Water Balance Challenge, a provocative, engaging, and fun instrument to help people consider their choices and risks when in charge of water distribution in an urban environment.

Through a series of questions and multiple choices of paths to take, the player is asked to navigate not only through the wide range of situations faced by those in charge of a water system, but also random events that affect the overall operation, from politics to marketing.

The game will be jointly promoted at World Water Week, in Stockholm, by WSUP and Cranfield University.

Ready? Click here to play The Water Balance Challenge!

A service for all residents

The Water Balance Challenge takes the player to the fictional city of Kaladi, in Africa. Almost half of its residents (40%) lack access to safely managed drinking water, despite the city being close to a great river and having access to groundwater.

The player is the new Managing Director of Kaladi Water and Sanitation company, which must meet targets of the Sustainable Development Goal-6, related to water and sanitation, of 100% coverage by 2030. That includes the most vulnerable parts of the local population.

It is vital to reach that goal while preserving precious water resources, ensuring all customers receive a fair share of the service, and charging households equitably. Finding that balance, including the company’s relationship with different levels of government, is not easy.

Kaladi has well  defined two seasons, the rainy and the dry ones. When it rains, the local community suffers with disruptive flooding. Floods and droughts are becoming more frequent, which has been affecting the levels of both the river and the aquifer.

The game’s fictional city has a population of 150,000, with a 7% annual growth rate, a consequence of the impact of climate change over rural areas.

Play The Water Balance Challenge

One of the questions, with its choices, from The Water Balance Challenge

Just like real life

The situation presented by The Water Balance Challenge reproduces what is seen in real life in many urban environments, particularly in developing nations. The combined pressures of population growth and reduction of available water, both consequences of changes in the climate, force authorities and utilities to find different solutions to reach the goal of universal distribution of water.

Amongst the many sources of water under threat in that context is groundwater, which is vital if communities are to be regularly and reliably served with clean water. Despite being more resistant to changes in the climate than other sources above the ground, aquifers have been affected by pollution and excessive use.

Communities and authorities have become more aware of the need to use water more wisely, fighting wastage in any possible way. From improved infrastructure to the use of digital technology, utilities have been working towards systems and operations that strive for the correct use of every drop. In a world marked by climate change and constant increase in urban populations, that is the only way through which water security can be achieved.

Play The Bottom Line: a game about sanitation

Read more about water security

✇RWSN Blog

Why self supply solutions are needed to reach SDG 6.1

By: RWSN Secretariat —
This year we are celebrating 30 years since the Rural Water Supply Network was formally founded. From very technical beginnings as a group of (mostly male) experts – the Handpump Technology Network- we have evolved to be a diverse and vibrant network of over 13,000 people and 100 organisations working on a wide range of 
 Continue reading "Why self supply solutions are needed to reach SDG 6.1"

Drinking water source Indonesia (2)


✇UN-Water Affiliated News

Sixth session of the Meeting of the Parties of the Protocol on Water and Health

By: Anna Nylander —

The sixth session of the Meeting of the Parties to the Protocol on Water and Health, held on 16-18 November 2022 at the Palais des Nations, Geneva, Switzerland, will be 
 Read more

The post Sixth session of the Meeting of the Parties of the Protocol on Water and Health appeared first on UN-Water.