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Rural sanitation project KĂšlĂš TchinĂš in Burkina Faso

March 30th 2021 at 11:56

KĂšlĂš TchinĂš is a project that aims to accelerate universal and sustainable access to sanitation in ten rural communes in the central west region of Burkina Faso.

steering committee of the project

On Tuesday 23 March 2021 in Koudougou, the steering committee held a workshop on the project to accelerate universal and sustainable access to sanitation (KÚlÚ TchinÚ) in ten rural communes of the central west region of Burkina Faso. Chaired by the governor of the central west region, this meeting aims to facilitate consultation between the stakeholders on the implementation of the project. 

Water is life, is always being advocated. However, one of the major development challenges in Burkina, and particularly in the central west, is adequate access to drinking water and sanitation services. Indeed, national statistics show a sanitation access rate of 19.7% in 2020 and 16.9% in the central west region.

This shows that more than Ÿ of the population does not have access to adequate sanitation. With this in mind, a consortium of NGOs composed of Eau Vive Internationale, WHH, IRC and SOS Sahel was formed to join forces with the local authorities to carry out a joint project called KĂšlĂš TchinĂš in the LĂ©lĂ© language, which means "the hygiene of the concession".

IrĂšne Coulibaly

The objective of the project to accelerate universal and sustainable access to sanitation in ten rural communes in the central west region of Burkina Faso is to take stock of the project's implementation since its inception. And to discuss the main difficulties encountered and identify solutions to improve the project's implementation and to plan the priority activities for the following year. It is financed by the European Union to the tune of one million five hundred thousand euros.

The opening ceremony was attended by regional and communal authorities, including the governor, who was also the chairperson of the activity, IrĂšne Coulibaly; the secretary general of the region; the president of the regional council; the high commissioners and the various mayors of the beneficiary communes.

Tambi Pascal Kaboré, president of AMBF

In his speech, the president of the regional AMBF, Tambi Pascal Kaboré, said that this workshop is the culmination of collective and considerable work undertaken since 2019. Hence his wish to see the involvement of all for a successful project.

Nearly 170,000 people will be directly affected by the project

According to Jean Philippe Jarry, country director of the NGO WHH and head of the consortium, this project will contribute to improving access to sanitation services in rural areas in a sustainable manner, taking into account the human rights-based approach. He added that the project will eventually make it possible to build 4,000 latrines and 4,500 cesspools, rehabilitate 500 latrines for households, train and equip 224 local craftsmen (masons), and build the capacities of the populations of 112 villages in good hygiene and sanitation practices.

Jean Philippe Jarry, country director of WHH

According to him, nearly 170,000 people will be directly affected by the project in the long term. Jean Philippe Jarry ended by inviting all the participants to an open approach to better identify the challenges for the success of the project. He said: "I strongly believe that through a synergy of action between the different actors, we can achieve significant results for the well-being of our people."

Large health expenses due to lack of sanitation

The president of the ceremony, IrĂšne Coulibaly, governor of the central west region, before officially launching the proceedings, stressed that a lack of hygiene and sanitation is one of the main causes of the so-called faecal peril diseases, the main cause of death among children and the elderly. She said that the expenses related to the lack of sanitation are estimated at more than 10 billion FCFA per year for health care according to WHO statistics. Hence, according to her, the urgency of eradicating this problem which poses a heavy burden on the well-being of the population as well as its socio-economic development.

The committee at the workshop

She also said that the implementation of the KĂšlĂš TchinĂš project will help achieve the objective of the government's policy through its National Wastewater and Excreta Sanitation Programme, which aims to ensure sustainable management of wastewater and excreta by 2030. While reiterating her commitment to accompany them in the completion of the project, IrĂšne Coulibaly invited the participants to have frank discussions that could remove the blockages and enable them to go back to the field with more determination to implement the remaining activities of the project.

It should be noted that the communes concerned by the KĂšlĂš TchinĂš project are Niabouri, Silly, To, Poa, Ramongo, Sabou, Sourgou, TĂ©nado, Bougnounou and Kassou.

Assainissement : Dix communes rurales du Centre-Ouest bénéficient

March 30th 2021 at 11:03

KÚlÚ TchinÚ est un projet visant à accélérer l'accÚs universel et durable à l'assainissement dans dix communes rurales de la région du Centre-Ouest du Burkina Faso.

Fonctionnaires pendant la réunion

Le mardi 23 mars 2021 Ă  Koudougou, s’est tenu l’atelier du comitĂ© de pilotage du projet d’accĂ©lĂ©ration de l’accĂšs universel et durable Ă  l’assainissement (KĂšlĂš TchinĂš) dans dix communes rurales du Centre-Ouest au Burkina Faso. PlacĂ©e sous la prĂ©sidence du gouverneur de la rĂ©gion du Centre-Ouest, cette rencontre vise Ă  faciliter la concertation entre les parties prenantes sur l’exĂ©cution du projet.

L’eau c’est la vie, a-t-on toujours prĂŽnĂ©. Cependant, l’un des enjeux majeurs de dĂ©veloppement au Burkina, et particuliĂšrement dans le Centre-Ouest, c’est l’accĂšs adĂ©quat aux services d’eau potable et d’assainissement. En effet, les statistiques nationales prĂ©sentent un taux d’accĂšs Ă  l’assainissement de 19,7% en 2020 et 16,9% d’accĂšs pour la rĂ©gion du Centre-Ouest.

Cela dĂ©montre que plus de Ÿ de la population n’a pas accĂšs Ă  un assainissement adĂ©quat. C’est fort de ce constat, qu’un consortium d’ONG composĂ© de l’ONG Eau Vive Internationale, WHH, IRC et SOS Sahel a Ă©tĂ© suscitĂ© pour unir ses forces en collaboration avec les autoritĂ©s locales afin porter un projet commun dĂ©nommĂ© projet KĂšlĂš TchinĂš en langue lĂ©lĂ© qui veut dire « l’hygiĂšne de la concession ».

IrĂšne Coulibaly

Le projet d’accĂ©lĂ©ration de l’accĂšs universel et durable Ă  l’assainissement dans dix communes rurales du Centre-Ouest au Burkina Faso a pour objectif de faire le bilan de l’exĂ©cution du projet depuis son dĂ©marrage ; Ă©changer sur les principales difficultĂ©s rencontrĂ©es et identifier des solutions pour amĂ©liorer la mise en Ɠuvre du projet ; planifier les activitĂ©s prioritaires de l’annĂ©e suivante du projet. Il est financĂ© par l’Union EuropĂ©enne Ă  hauteur d’un million cinq cent mille euros.

Notons que la cĂ©rĂ©monie d’ouverture a connu la prĂ©sence des autoritĂ©s rĂ©gionales et communales, dont entre autres, le gouverneur par ailleurs prĂ©sidente de l’activitĂ©, IrĂšne Coulibaly ; du secrĂ©taire gĂ©nĂ©ral de la rĂ©gion ; du prĂ©sident du Conseil rĂ©gional ; des hauts-commissaires ainsi que les diffĂ©rents maires des communes bĂ©nĂ©ficiaires.

Tambi Pascal Kaboré, président AMBF

Dans son intervention, le prĂ©sident de l’AMBF rĂ©gional, Tambi Pascal KaborĂ©, tout en souhaitant la bienvenue aux participants Ă  cette session du comitĂ© de pilotage du projet KĂšlĂš TchinĂš, il prĂ©cise que sa tenue constitue l’aboutissement d’un travail collectif et considĂ©rable entrepris depuis 2019 pour 42 mois. D’oĂč son souhait de voir une implication de tous pour une rĂ©ussite totale de l’activitĂ©.

PrÚs de 170 000 personnes seront impactées directement par le projet

Selon Jean Philippe Jarry, directeur pays de l’ONG WHH et responsable du consortium, le prĂ©sent projet pourra contribuer Ă  amĂ©liorer durablement l’accĂšs aux services d’assainissement en milieu rural en tenant compte de l’approche fondĂ©e sur les droits humains. Il ajoute que ledit projet permettra Ă  terme de rĂ©aliser entre autres 4000 latrines et 4500 puisards et de rĂ©habiliter 500 latrines au profit des mĂ©nages, de former et Ă©quiper 224 artisans locaux (maçons), de renforcer les capacitĂ©s des populations des 112 villages sur les bonnes pratiques d’hygiĂšne et d’assainissement.

Jean Philippe Jarry, directeur pays de l’ONG WHH

A l’entendre, ce sont prĂšs de 170 000 personnes qui seront impactĂ©es directement par le projet Ă  terme. Jean Philippe Jarry a terminĂ© en invitant l’ensemble des participants Ă  une ouverture afin de mieux cerner les dĂ©fis pour la rĂ©ussite du projet. Car, dit-il : « Je crois fortement qu’à travers une synergie d’action entre les diffĂ©rents acteurs, nous pouvons atteindre des rĂ©sultats notables pour le bien-ĂȘtre de nos populations. »

De grosses dĂ©penses en santĂ© dues au manque d’assainissement

La prĂ©sidente de la cĂ©rĂ©monie, IrĂšne Coulibaly, gouverneur de la rĂ©gion du Centre-Ouest, avant de lancer officiellement les travaux, elle a soulignĂ© que le manque d’hygiĂšne et d’assainissement est l’une des principales causes des maladies dites du pĂ©ril fĂ©cal, principale cause de dĂ©cĂšs chez les enfants et les personnes ĂągĂ©es. Elle prĂ©cise que les dĂ©penses liĂ©es au manque d’assainissement sont estimĂ©es Ă  plus de 10 milliards de FCFA par an pour les soins en santĂ© selon les statistiques de l’OMS. D’oĂč, selon elle, l’urgence d’éradiquer ce phĂ©nomĂšne qui hypothĂšque le bien-ĂȘtre des populations ainsi que son dĂ©veloppement socio-Ă©conomique.

Comité de pilotage du projet

Aussi, elle prĂ©cise que la mise en Ɠuvre du projet KĂšlĂš TchinĂš permettra d’atteindre l’objectif de la politique gouvernementale Ă  travers son Programme national d’assainissement des eaux usĂ©es et excrĂ©ta (PN-AEUE) qui vise Ă  assurer un assainissement durable des eaux usĂ©es et excreta d’ici 2030. Tout en rĂ©itĂ©rant son engagement Ă  les accompagner pour l’aboutissement du projet, IrĂšne Coulibaly a invitĂ© les participants Ă  des Ă©changes francs qui puissent lever les zones de blocage et qui pourront leur permettre de repartir plus dĂ©terminĂ©s sur le terrain pour la mise en Ɠuvre des activitĂ©s restantes du projet.

Il faut noter que les communes concernées par le projet KÚlÚ TchinÚ sont Niabouri, Silly, To, Poa, Ramongo, Sabou, Sourgou, Ténado, Bougnounou et Kassou.

Summary progress update 2021 : SDG 6 – water and sanitation for all

March 5th 2021 at 12:34

The world is not on track to achieve Sustainable Development Goal 6 (SDG 6), which aims to ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all by 2030.

 

This report provides an update on the status of the 8 targets of Sustainable Development Goal 6 (SDG 6), which aims to ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all by 2030. The overall conclusion is that the world is not on track to achieve SDG 6.

Billions of people worldwide still live without safely managed drinking water and sanitation, especially in rural areas and least developed countries; the current rate of progress need to quadruple to reach the global target of universal access by 2030.

For wastewater treatment and water quality, it is not possible to assess the global situation since country data are missing for large parts of the world, leaving billions of people at risk. 

Water use has remained relatively stable at the global level during the last 10 years, and with 17 per cent of available water resources being withdrawn, the world as a whole is not considered water-stressed. However, this
number hides stark regional differences: in some regions the level of water stress has increased by 35 per cent during the last two decades, and many countries withdraw all their renewable water resources or even rely on nonrenewable resources that will eventually run dry.

When it comes to integrated water resources management (IWRM), the current rate of progress needs to double to meet the global targets, and only two SDG regions are on track to have all their transboundary water bodies
covered by operational cooperation agreements.

One fifth of the world's river basins are experiencing rapid changes in the area covered by surface waters, indicative of flooding and drought events, which are associated with climate change.

Although official development assistance (ODA) commitments to the water sector increased slightly in recent years, this is mainly due to an increase in concessional lending, and the gap between actual disbursements and future commitments is growing.

Participatory procedures are increasingly recognized in national policies and laws whereas their implementation have been moderate. 

8th Five Year Plan, July 2020 - June 2025 : promoting prosperity and fostering inclusiveness

February 11th 2021 at 15:07

The first steps to bring Bangladesh closer to attaining Upper Middle-Income Country (UMIC) status, major Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) targets, and eliminating extreme poverty.

 

This 8th Five Year Plan represents the first phase of the country's Perspective Plan 2041 (PP2041), which aims to  bring Bangladesh closer to the goals of attaining Upper Middle-Income Country (UMIC) status, attaining major Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) targets, and eliminating extreme poverty by FY2031. 

In the backdrop of these factors, the 8th Plan centres on six core themes:
  1. Rapid recovery for COVID-19 to restore human health, confidence, employment, income and economic activities;
  2. GDP growth acceleration, employment generation, productivity acceleration and rapid poverty reduction;
  3. A broad-based strategy of inclusiveness with a view to empowering every citizen to participate fully and benefit from the development process and helping the poor and vulnerable with social protection- based income transfers;
  4. A sustainable development pathway that is resilient to disaster and climate change; entails sustainable use of natural resources; and successfully manages the inevitable urbanization transition;
  5. Development and improvement of critical institutions necessary to lead the economy to UMIC status;
  6. Attaining SDG targets and coping up the impact of Least Developed Country (LDC) graduation.

The Plan itself is divided into two main parts:

  1. Macroeconomic perspective: strategic directions and policy framework
  2. Sector development strategies

References to water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) can be found in Part 2, in the following sections:

  • Chapter 4: Strategies for Agriculture and Water Resource Management
  • Sector 7. Local Government, Rural Development and Cooperatives
  • Sector 9: Housing and Community Amenities, and
  • Sector 10: Health, population and Nutrition

 

Identifying barriers to inclusion in WASH : barriers faced by persons living with disabilities in accessing water, sanitation and hygiene services in Tarkwa Nsuaem Municipal Assembly, Ghana

January 12th 2021 at 10:10

In order to leave no one behind, decision makers and service providers need to examine common beliefs in measuring access to services.

This brief looks at how improved knowledge and skills in social inclusion are improving the capacity to identify excluded persons and advocate for WASH interventions to be accessible to all persons, especially for people living with a disability. It is based on a survey of 22 communities within Tarkwa Nsuaem Municipality, Ghana. The survey examined the characteristics of a random sample of 40 people living with a disability, and their environmental, institutional and attitudinal barriers to inclusion. The study concludes that in order to leave no one behind, decision makers and service providers need to examine common beliefs in measuring access to services. 

Operation and maintenance opportunities in rural community sanitary complexes : thematic discussion series synthesis

December 4th 2020 at 16:58

Earlier sanitation campaigns in India showed poor demand for and use of rural community sanitary complexes (CSCs). How can India's national sanitation programme, Swachh Bharat Mission Phase II, do better?

In October-November 2020, the India Chapter of SuSanA conducted a thematic online discussion and webinar on Operation and Maintenance (O&M) Opportunities in Rural Community Sanitary Complexes (CSCs). This was to support efforts of a Task Force - comprising UNICEF India, Aga Khan Foundation, India Sanitation Coalition, Taru Leading Edge and IRC WASH - to provide inputs to India's Ministry of Jal Shakti, under Phase II of the Swachh Bharat Mission (national sanitation programme). The Mission prioritises the construction of CSCs in rural areas. Earlier sanitation campaigns in India showed poor demand for and use of rural CSCs. That's why it's important to understand the barriers and enablers and build on good practices, experiences and lessons learned. The thematic discussion and webinar covered the following topics: Factors influencing decisions to construct a CSC; Building O&M into the project life-cycle; Examples of successful O&M of rural CSCs; Lessons learned from construction and O&M of urban CSCs; Profitable PPP O&M contracts for local government; and Community engagement and behaviour change communication for O&M.

Reframing the challenges and opportunities for improved sanitation services in Eastern Africa through sustainability science

December 2nd 2020 at 10:51

Successful sanitation approaches were characterized by their adaptation to the local context, community participation, built-in mechanisms that ensure financial viability, use of technologies that are culturally appropriate and emphasis on environmental sustainability.

Sustainable sanitation services are still unavailable to most people in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) despite decades of implementing very diverse sanitation projects across the continent. Using a Sustainability Science lens, this chapter identifies through an extended literature review the drivers and shortcomings of business-as-usual sanitation approaches that tend to fail in SSA. As one of the main challenges for the success of sanitation project is the creation of an enabling environment, we attempt to identify some of the critical elements that could support the development of such an environment. Subsequently we identify characteristics and competencies conducive to breaking the cycle of failure and to developing sustainable sanitation systems. We use data from key informant interviews with sanitation implementers, focus group discussions with sanitation facility users and visits to sanitation project sites in Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda. The sanitation approaches explored, although different, are all characterized by their adaptation to the local context, community participation, built-in mechanisms that ensure financial viability, use of technologies that are culturally appropriate and emphasis on environmental sustainability. We offer several policy and practice recommendations for the development of successful sanitation governance structures for national governments, external support agencies and project implementers. The examples discussed in this chapter show promise, but do not guarantee success, as all solutions will require several iterations to adaptate to the local context, as well as financial and governance support, to be scaled up. [author abstract]

Water For People market system development update

November 17th 2020 at 12:17

Despite reduced funding for market systems development (MSD) in sanitation, Water For People (WFP) has been able to grow and expand its approach.

The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF) awarded a grant to Water For People (WFP) from 2010 to June 2015 to develop a market systems development (MSD) approach for sanitation. This update looks at how the impact from that work has continued to grow and expand, despite now having less money, and quantifies that wider impact in terms of sanitation MSD growth.

As of 2020, WFP supports 59 active MSD sanitation initiatives across nine country programmes. This update highlights six MSD programmes, which have overcome three barriers : (1)  initiating businesses or income streams that can continue without WFP support; (2) the dependency on a small number of providers; and (3) the loss of control over the growth and development process.

The six highlighted programmes are: 

  1. Pit emptying and faecal sludge fuel briquette production in Kampala, Uganda
  2. Pit emptying in Blantyre, Malawi
  3. Latrine building in Bihar, India
  4. Latrine building in rural Rwanda
  5. Design innovation for affordable toilets: SaTo Pans (Uganda, Rwanda, Malawi, and Peru)
  6. Sanitation, microfinance, and loans in Latin America (Nicaragua, Honduras, Peru and Guatemala) to improve household sanitation

WFP sees increasing opportunities for its established MSD models to scale to additional geographic areas, while it has new models in the pipeline that are being tested and readied to scale up.

Pro-poor strategy for water and sanitation sector in Bangladesh

November 16th 2020 at 18:44

Hardcore poor households need to get 100% subsidies but they must also share 100% of operation and maintenance costs of water and sanitation facilities. 

The pro-poor strategy is based on four pillars: (1) an operational definition of hardcore poor households; (2) a definition of a basic minimum service level; (3 identification and organisation of the poor hou households; and (4) the development of the mechanism for administering subsidies. Other measures including micro-credit support and employment generation, and capacity building of local government institutions (LGIs) are also mentioned, as are monitoring and evaluation by LGIs. The strategy concludes that hardcore poor households need to get 100% subsidies but they must also share 100% of operation and maintenance costs of water and sanitation facilities.

Liquid waste management in SBM II : synthesis document

November 6th 2020 at 12:27

This thematic discussion examines the readiness of India's local government institutions to effectively plan and implement grey water management as part of the ambitious 2nd phase of the national Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM).

This synthesis examines the readiness of India's local government institutions to effectively plan and implement grey water management as part of the ambitious 2nd phase of the national Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM). A major focus area in SBM II is solid and liquid waste management (SLWM) in rural areas. The synthesis examines cost-effective, technically simple liquid waste management (LWM) options for different population densities, the technical skills needed to make and maintain these structures and model LWM plans for villages that have populations of less and more than 5,000. It draws from a thematic discussion and webinar on LWM hosted by the India Chapter of SuSanA in August 2020.

 

Good sanitation practices in Bongo District, Ghana

October 29th 2020 at 11:37

Video on the improvements taking place around sanitation and hygiene in Bongo District, Ghana.

Open defecation was still rife in 2015 in Bongo District. Eight out of ten people were practising open defecation. The District Assembly together with WaterAid Ghana and partners took action to change this. By 2020 the district was showing strong progress thanks to sensitisation and triggering. 

Asoloko was one of the communities that started adopting new practices. The schools, health centres and public spaces were also involved in the process. Apart from toilet use, handwashing was a main component of the sensitisation. The Asoloko primary school was doing so well that they were awarded a prize and were given soap for the whole school. Foe Community Health and Planning Services now has very clean and smart toilets for their staff and patients. Volunteers clean the toilets regularly and the community is made aware of the importance of cleanliness. 

In the heart of Bongo Soe is a market site which is being provided with a suite of toilets. Users will have to pay a small fee to use the toilet which one of the stallholders will collect. She will also make sure the toilets are kept clean. Getting toilets in all the markets is a priority for the district. For Bongo District Assembly and partners, it is crucial to sustain the gains that they have made.

The National Development Planning Commission (NDPC) has collected together with IRC Ghana a series of best practice stories on meeting the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) challenges for water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH). The stories were collected in three districts namely, Asutifi North, Bongo and Wassa East.

For more information see the overview page.

USAID Transform WASH – Learning notes overview

October 19th 2020 at 13:27

This is an overview of learning notes produced for the USAID Transform WASH project.

Making a toilet slab in Ethiopia

USAID Transform WASH aims to improve water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) outcomes in Ethiopia by increasing market access to and sustained use of a broader spectrum of affordable WASH products and services, with a substantial focus on sanitation.

Transform WASH achieves this by transforming the market for low-cost quality WASH products and services: stimulating demand at the community level, strengthening supply chains, and improving the enabling environment for a vibrant private market.

USAID Transform WASH is a USAID-funded activity implemented by PSI in collaboration with SNV, Plan International, and IRC WASH. The consortium is working closely with government agencies, including the Ministry of Health, the Ministry of Water, Irrigation and Electricity, the One WASH National Program, and regional and sub-regional governments.

A number of publications have been written to document the lessons learnt.

Learning notes by theme

Strengthening supply chain:

Supply chain is about designing and introducing desirable and affordable sanitation products and services. The following learning notes have been published on this topic:

Stimulating demand:

If there is no demand, there is no selling, no matter how many sanitation products and services are available. The following document goes into this:

Improving the enabling environment:

There needs to be a focus on improving the regulatory and institutional framework of the business climate.

 

An assessment of sanitation financing options for enterprises and households

October 16th 2020 at 09:13

This learning note summarizes the findings of a study undertaken of the financing approaches used under the USAID Transform WASH activity, which was conducted to better understand their performance and how they compared to other viable approaches.

She Makes Change - an update

October 19th 2020 at 11:09

COVID-19 has forced the women in Odisha to postpone the workshops that IRC raised funds for during the 'She Makes Change' campaign.

Women have more acute needs due to cultural and biological roles, and a lack of services is often at the cost of their health, education, employment and participation in politics and society. Therefore, it is important that women have a say in WASH decision making. On the occasion of International Women's Day on March 8th 2020, IRC raised funds for women to ensure their voices were heard.

The ‘She Makes Change’ campaign successfully raised €2,868.25 for capacity building of women in the state of Odisha in India. The funds will be used to organise a series of workshops to provide foundational knowledge and skills to women in Ganjam district of Odisha, to enable them to assert their rights as citizens and participate in local government decision making.

Originally scheduled to be held in the months of June and July 2020, these workshops have not yet been organised due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The number of corona cases in India has been on the rise since early this year. At 7,307,097, India is currently the country with the second highest number of COVID-19 cases in the world. However, in terms of number of daily cases, it has the highest in the world (on 15 October).

The strict lockdown enforced by the Government of India in March 2020 gave rise to a wave of reverse migration. A significant proportion of the working age population in Ganjam works as migrants in the textile mills of Surat in the state of Gujarat. With the closure of the mills, high rate of infection, loss of employment and poor living conditions in the industrial town, the migrants returned to Ganjam. It is estimated that over a million migrants returned to the district in the pandemic.

The return of the migrants to Ganjam has led to a massive surge in corona cases in the state of Odisha, making Ganjam the non-capital hot spot in July, with a peak of over 700 cases in a day. To date, the district has recorded over 20,000 cases, with 29 confirmed cases in the last 24 hours at the time of writing. The return of the migrants has increased stress on the limited health infrastructure in the district as well as on the resources.

Considering these conditions, the leadership workshops have been postponed to next year. It must be added here that, the pandemic has also reinforced the need for skill training. Handwashing with soap is one of the easiest precautions against the spread of infectious diseases such as COVID -19. Access to improved water, sanitation and hygiene services is thus essential. Therefore, it becomes all the more critical to strengthen the capacities of women and other marginalised sections of the population to effectively plan, make decisions, reach out to and  hold duty bearers and service providers accountable, where required, to ensure services for all.

The significance of these skills goes beyond the realm of WASH. They empower women to access more opportunities, enable them to demand for themselves as well as for other marginalised populations. We know that such skills have the power to bring about transformative change.

How to help

If you would like to help support this project, or any others, you can make a donation here. Alternatively, contact us for other ways to support the women and marginalised populations in Ganjam and beyond.

The impact of Watershed on decentralised decision making with inclusion of women: Findings from India

October 14th 2020 at 12:29

Water and sanitation interventions should put special focus on strengthening systems of community participation as well as enabling the participation of all citizens.

The Watershed programme has provided the much-required entry point for the CSOs at large, and for women, specifically, into the basics of the planning for and management of water and sanitation. It has facilitated women's participation in community proceedings as well as created several opportunities for them to voice their needs and concerns in front of elected representatives and officials of line departments. Being able to engage has made women interested and active and has enabled them to articulate and put forth their demands. Such interventions are essential to ensure vibrant, representative, and accountable local governments.

Health, safety and social security challenges of sanitation workers during the COVID-19 pandemic in India

October 12th 2020 at 18:37

A rapid study on the challenges facing sanitation workers in Indian cities and towns during the COVID-19 pandemic.

While sanitation workers already face several health and safety risks, financial challenges and stigma due to the nature of their work and caste-based discrimination, the COVID-19 pandemic has further added to their challenges and vulnerabilities. The Urban Management Centre and WaterAid India jointly conducted a rapid assessment to understand the health, safety and social security challenges faced by sanitation workers in cities/towns across India during the COVID-19 pandemic. This involved telephonic and face-to-face interviews of 95 sanitation workers and 12 urban local body (ULB) officials from 18 cities/towns across 9 States/Union Territories (UTs) of India, conducted between 26 May and 8 June 2020. In addition, a secondary review of government guidelines and advisories, and media reports was undertaken.

Nine different categories of sanitation work were covered: domestic waste collection, street sweeping, cleaning at hospitals/quarantine centres, desludging of sewers/septic tanks and faecal sludge treatment plant (FSTP) operations, drain cleaning, cleaning of community/public/institutional toilets, waste/ rag picking, waste collection at hospitals/quarantine centres, and dry latrine cleaning.

This report presents findings on the awareness of COVID-19 preventive measures; use of personal protective equipment; hand hygiene practices; medical examination/ testing: impact on working conditions; livelihood and financial implications; insurance coverage; additional challenges faced by female sanitation workers; and COVID-19 related support measures by various agencies. Key recommendations are provided for immediate health and safety measures in the COVID-19 context; social and financial protection measure; and long-term systemic measures.

Inclusion of innovative technology in integrated waste management of a city : case of Bogura, Bangladesh

September 29th 2020 at 15:46

A waste-to-energy solution for the co-treatment of faecal sludge, municipal solid waste and agri-waste in combination with aerosol can recycling.

Bogura is the largest municipality in Bangladesh by population. Its huge population and agri-industry produces a great deal of solid, faecal and industrial waste which has been a matter of concern for the municipality. IRC started working for a solution and completed a pre-feasibility and feasibility study to find innovative technologies and an operation model. The feasibility study has produced an integrated solution of faecal sludge, municipal solid waste, agri-waste and aerosol can recycling model which also helps to reduce surface and ground water contamination. The solution integrates conventional anaerobic digestion with new torrefaction and aerosol-propellant capture technologies which treats the municipal solid waste and aerosol cans to produce biofuel and liquid petroleum gas, respectively.

Good practice for WASH in Wassa East District, Ghana

September 29th 2020 at 14:39

Video on good water and sanitation practices in Wassa East District documented by NDPC and IRC Ghana.

In 2016, Wassa East District in Ghana had roughly 56% coverage which was a concern. The district faced a water crisis, 6 in 10 water facilities were not functioning properly and payment systems had largely broken down. The District Assembly launched a Sustainable WASH for All programme and looked for partners to help them as their financial status was problematic.

With the help of the private sector and the third sector i.e. NGOs and social enterprises such as Access Development, the District Assembly was able to start improving the water services. Access Development provides Numa purified water to communities signed up to the pay-as-you-fetch model. People are willing to pay for safe water that is available in convenient spots. With the help of the Community Water and Sanitation Agency, a community-led total sanitation was launched in 15 communities.

This video tells the story of good WASH practices in Wassa East and shows that WASH is very important to the development of the district. It is part of a series of best practice stories on meeting the Sustainable Development Goal challenges for water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) in three selected districts in Ghana. The stories were documented by the National Development Planning Commission (NDPC) together with IRC Ghana.

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Quatre ans aprĂšs, Aboubakar Hema a-t-il tenu ses promesses ?

September 28th 2020 at 17:06

Interrogation l'Ă©dile de Banfora sur ses actions dans le secteur de l'eau et assainissement.

AprĂšs quatre annĂ©es passĂ©es Ă  la tĂȘte de la commune de Banfora, le maire, Aboubakar Hema, s’est prĂȘtĂ© Ă  l’exercice de l’Association des Blogueurs du Burkina (ABB) pour faire son bilan de mise en Ɠuvre. C’était le samedi 12 septembre 2020, dans la salle de rĂ©union du gouvernorat des Cascades. L’activitĂ© a connu une participation massive des acteurs de la dite commune, qui n’ont pas manquĂ© d’exprimer leurs prĂ©occupations en ce qui concerne le niveau de la rĂ©alisation de l’ODD N°6 Ă  l’horizon 2030.

C’est au milieu de ses concitadins que le maire a prĂ©sentĂ© son bilan (Ph Com mairie)

C'est au milieu de ses concitadins que le maire a présenté son bilan (Ph Com mairie)

Plan Stratégique d'Approvisionnement en Eau Potable et d'Assainissement

DĂšs sa prise de fonction en 2016, le conseil municipal de Banfora a dĂ©fini trois axes stratĂ©giques de dĂ©veloppement. Il s'agit notamment de la promotion de la bonne gouvernance, du dĂ©veloppement de l'Ă©conomie locale et de l'amĂ©lioration de l'accĂšs de la population aux services sociaux de base. Lors de la prĂ©sentation de son bilan, quatre ans aprĂšs, le maire s’est logiquement appesanti sur ces trois piliers pour mettre en exergue des actions et rĂ©alisations qui font la fiertĂ© de la CitĂ© du paysan noir. Le dernier axe qui prend en compte l’accĂšs Ă  l’eau et Ă  l’assainissement, reprĂ©sente, selon le maire, une prioritĂ© pour la commune. La prĂ©occupation permanente du premier citoyen de Banfora, Ă©tant de procurer aux communautĂ©s de la commune qu’il dirige, l'accĂšs constant Ă  une eau salubre et propre ainsi qu’à un assainissement durable, afin d’amĂ©liorer leur bien-ĂȘtre gĂ©nĂ©ral.

«L’accĂšs Ă  l’eau  potable demeure une prĂ©occupation dans la commune de Banfora. L’hygiĂšne et l’assainissement aussi. Beaucoup de mĂ©nages n’ont pas de latrines. Certains font leurs besoins dans la nature. Ces cacas se retrouvent plus tard dans les eaux, ce qui peut provoquer beaucoup de maladies.» Des mots bien choisis par le maire de Banfora, Aboubakar Hema, pour traduire l’intĂ©rĂȘt que la commune accorde au secteur de l’eau et assainissement, et mettre l’accent sur l’urgence qu’il reprĂ©sente. Du reste, la commune de Banfora a Ă©laborĂ© son Plan StratĂ©gique d'Approvisionnement en Eau Potable et d'Assainissement (PSC AEPA), avec l’appui de l'IRC qui, pour la mise en Ɠuvre, a rĂ©uni tous les partenaires interagissant pour la mĂȘme cause ; partenaires sans lesquels, la rĂ©alisation de cet ambitieux projet serait une vue de l’esprit.

Avalanche de questions

La prĂ©sentation de ce bilan constituait donc une bonne tribune pour interroger l’édile de Banfora sur ses actions dans le secteur de l’eau et assainissement et principalement dans le cadre de la mise en Ɠuvre de ce Plan. A cet effet, le maire a Ă©tĂ© soumis Ă  une avalanche de questions, allant des actions concrĂštes de la mairie dans la mise en Ɠuvre du PSC AEPA durant la pĂ©riode Ă©coulĂ©e, Ă  la concordance ou non des types d’ouvrages d’accĂšs Ă  l’eau potable rĂ©alisĂ©s avec la vision et les engagements de la mairie, en passant par l’implication ou non des forces vives dans la mise en Ɠuvre du Plan et les avancĂ©es concrĂštes de ces actions par rapport Ă  la rĂ©alisation de l’ODD 6 dans la commune.

Mayor A. Hema

Aboubakar Hema a rendu compte de ses actions Ă  sa population (Ph Com mairie)

Des ouvrages

Abordant ces aspects, le maire a affirmĂ© que la commune a rĂ©alisĂ© comme actions, dans ce sens, plus de 45 forages avec une prĂ©vision de plus d'une trentaine en 2020, rĂ©habilitĂ© plus de 200 forages en panne, construit 472 latrines, 326 puisards douche et 17 puisards bac en 2019. A ces ouvrages, s’ajoutent 115 latrines rĂ©alisĂ©es de janvier 2020 Ă  mai 2020 et 30 nouvelles pompes Ă  motricitĂ© humaines (PMH) en cours de rĂ©alisation. M. Hema a complĂ©tĂ© la liste avec le dĂ©marrage de l’élaboration de la stratĂ©gie de communication, pour la mobilisation des partenaires et des fonds pour la mise en Ɠuvre du PSC AEPA. Selon lui, cette action Ă©pouse parfaitement la volontĂ© de la commune Ă  travailler en Ă©troite collaboration avec tous les partenaires et forces vives de la commune.

Le problĂšme d'eau

Cependant, plusieurs difficultĂ©s ont Ă©tĂ© soulevĂ©es, au titre desquelles, le manque d’eau au secteur 8 de la ville de Banfora, Ă  cause des travaux du 11-DĂ©cembre, la fĂȘte nationale, dont la commune accueille, cette annĂ©e, la commĂ©moration tournante. Dans cette partie de la commune, les populations souffrent le martyr, Ă  la recherche de « l’or bleu ». Le maire, au nom du conseil municipal, a rassurĂ© ses concitadins : « Ce n’est pas la faute de la mairie, ce problĂšme d’eau. Nous plaidons donc auprĂšs des autoritĂ©s en charge de la question eau, (direction rĂ©gionale de l’eau, Onea), pour qu’elles soulagent les populations de cette souffrance. » Le maire, promet, par ailleurs, la rĂ©alisation de 100 forages en 2021, dont 70 seront destinĂ©s aux mĂ©nages. Un atelier de forage a dĂ©jĂ  Ă©tĂ© acquis sur fonds de la mairie.

Le chemin reste encore bien long

De façon globale, le constat est flagrant, que les rĂ©alisations concernant les ouvrages d’accĂšs Ă  l’eau potable, se limitent aux forages Ă©quipĂ©s de pompe Ă  motricitĂ© humaine. Ces ouvrages ne garantissent pas l’accĂšs Ă  une eau sĂ»re, car, pouvant ĂȘtre contaminĂ©e plus rapidement avant la consommation, et n’éliminent pas non plus la corvĂ©e d’eau.  Ces situations sont donc en contradiction totale avec les engagements pris par la commune, selon lesquels 80% de la population consommerait de l’eau sĂ»re, soit par robinet Ă  la maison, soit Ă  la borne fontaine.  Il est donc Ă©vident que le chemin reste encore bien long, pour parvenir au mieux-ĂȘtre des populations, en matiĂšre d’eau et d’assainissement. Mais, assurant les uns et les autres que son engagement et sa dĂ©termination pour que l’eau et l’assainissement soient inscrits en lettres d’or dans son programme demeurent intacts, le maire de Banfora a lancĂ© un cri du cƓur Ă  l’endroit des acteurs du secteur, pour une collaboration efficace en vue de l’atteinte de ses objectifs. ParallĂšlement, IRC, Ă  travers son assistance technique avec l’appui financier de la Fondation Hilton, continuera aux cĂŽtĂ©s de la mairie, le combat pour que cet engagement soit effectif.

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